Development and Validation of a Sensitive UPLC-ESI-MS/MS Method for the Simultaneous Quantification of 15 Endocannabinoids and Related Compounds in Milk and Other Biofluids
2014 (English)In: Analytical Chemistry, ISSN 0003-2700, E-ISSN 1520-6882, Vol. 86, no 2, 1186-1195 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The endocannabinoid (eCB) system has gained an increasing interest over the past decades since the discovery of anandamide and 2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG). These, and structurally related compounds, are associated with a wide variety of physiological processes. For instance, eCB levels in milk have been associated with infants' feeding and sleeping behavior. A method based on ultraperformance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-ESI-MS/MS) was developed and validated for the simultaneous quantification of 15 eCBs and related compounds, including both fatty acid amides and glycerols. Linearity (0.9845 < R-2 < 1), limit of detection and quantification (0.52-293 pg on column), inter- and intraday accuracy (>70%) and precision (CV < 15%), stability, and recovery (in milk and plasma) were established in accordance to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration guidelines. The method was successfully applied to bovine and elk milk revealing species-specific eCB profiles, with significant different levels of 2-AG, 2-linoleoyl glycerol, docosahexaenoyl ethanolamide, palmitoyl ethanolamide, and oleoyl ethanolamide. Furthermore, stearoyl ethanolamide and docosatetraenoyl ethanolamide were only detected in elk milk. In summary, our UPLC-ESI-MS/MS method may be used for quantification of eCBs and related compounds in different biofluids and applied to investigations of the role of these emerging compounds in various physiological processes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2014. Vol. 86, no 2, 1186-1195 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-86331DOI: 10.1021/ac403352eISI: 000330204500031OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-86331DiVA: diva2:698731