umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Migration and Regional Sorting of Skills
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics.
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis consists of an introductory part and four papers.

Paper [I] estimates jointly the choice of whether to enroll in education and the choice of location among young people. Being a particularly mobile group, the location choices of young individuals shape much of the regional distribution of human capital, growth, and local public sector budgets. Applying Swedish register data on nest leavers, we seek to determine factors deciding the education and location choice of young people. The results indicate a systematic selection higher education based on school grades and preferences for locations with higher per capita tax bases and with lower shares of elderly people. The importance of family networks for the choice of location is confirmed.             

Paper [II] examines how individual ability, reflected by the grade point average (GPA) from comprehensive school affects the probability of migration among university graduates. The econometric analysis applies detailed micro-data of two entire cohorts of young individuals retrieved from the Swedish population registers. The results indicate that individual abilities are strongly influential both concerning completion of a university degree and for the migration decision. In addition, we find a positive relationship between the GPA and migrating from regions with lower per capita tax bases and/or a relatively small share of highly educated individuals. Analogously, individuals with a high GPA tend to stay in more densely populated regions, suggesting a clustering of human capital vis-à-vis school grades. 

Paper [III] estimates the relationship between migration across labour market regions and the subsequent changes in earnings by using the GPA from the final year of comprehensive school as a proxy for ability. This measure aims to capture heterogeneity in the returns to migration for individuals conditional on education attainment. Using Swedish register data on young adults, a difference-in-difference propensity score matching estimator is applied to estimate income differences measured up to seven years after migration. The results show variation between different ability groups regarding the returns to regional migration. There are indications of larger gains for individuals holding top grades, while the bottom half seems to benefit less, or face slightly negative effects.

Paper [IV] examines whether power couple formation and the location choice of such couples are driven by factors already inherent in young people during their formative school years. The paper also extends the analysis by modeling location choice among different sizes of labor market areas, given different power statuses of the couples. Based on analysis of Swedish register data, we produce evidence that power spouses evolve from the population of high achieving school age individuals; the latter is identified by high academic performance during their years of compulsory school. Regarding location choice, the results indicate that power couples display a relatively high tendency to migrate from their regions of origin to large cities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå Universitet , 2014. , 46 p.
Series
Umeå economic studies, ISSN 0348-1018 ; 882
Keyword [en]
Agglomeration, early markers, human capital, income, interregional migration, individual ability, location choice, marital matching, propensity score matching, regional clustering, skills, university graduates
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-86674ISBN: 978-91-7601-012-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-86674DiVA: diva2:700509
Public defence
2014-03-28, Humanisthuset, Hörsal E, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-03-07 Created: 2014-03-04 Last updated: 2014-03-05Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Regional sorting of human capital: the choice of location among young adults in Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Regional sorting of human capital: the choice of location among young adults in Sweden
2014 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Migration rates are highest among young adults, especially students, and their location choices affect the regional distribution of human capital, growth and local public sector budgets. Using Swedish register data on young adults, the choice of whether to enroll in education and the choice of location are estimated jointly. The results indicate a systematic selection into investment in further education based on school grades and associated preferences for locations with higher per capita tax bases. For students, the estimates indicate lower preferences for locations with higher shares of older people.  The importance of family networks for the choice of location is confirmed. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2014. 26 p.
Series
Umeå economic studies, ISSN 0348-1018 ; 878
Keyword
Agglomeration, human capital, local public sector, location choice
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-86660 (URN)
Available from: 2014-03-03 Created: 2014-03-03 Last updated: 2014-10-29Bibliographically approved
2. Regional Clustering of Human Capital: School Grades and Migration of University Graduates
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Regional Clustering of Human Capital: School Grades and Migration of University Graduates
2014 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The spatial distribution of human capital plays a fundamental role for regional differences in economic growth and welfare. This paper examines how individual ability indicated by the grade point average (GPA), from comprehensive school, affects the probability of migration among young university graduates in Sweden. Using detailed micro data available from the Swedish population registers, the study examines two cohorts of individuals who enrol in tertiary education. The results indicate that individual abilities reflected by the GPA are strongly influential when it comes to completing a university degree and for the migration decision after graduation. Moreover, there is a positive relationship between the GPA and the choice of migrating from regions with a relatively low tax base and a relatively small share of highly educated people in the population. Analogously, individuals with a high GPA tend to stay at a higher rate in more flourishing regions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2014. 26 p.
Series
Umeå economic studies, ISSN 0348-1018 ; 879
Keyword
Bivariate probit, individual ability, migration, regional clustering, university graduates
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-86654 (URN)
Available from: 2014-03-03 Created: 2014-03-03 Last updated: 2014-03-04Bibliographically approved
3. Internal Migration of Young Adults: Heterogeneity in Effects on Labour Income by School Grades
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Internal Migration of Young Adults: Heterogeneity in Effects on Labour Income by School Grades
2014 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The present paper estimates the relationship between migration across labour-market regions and the subsequent changes in earnings in Sweden by using the individual’s grade point average (GPA) from the final year of comprehensive school as a proxy for ability. This measure aims to capture heterogeneity in the effects of mobility on earnings for individuals conditional on educational attainment and other observed traits. Register data from Sweden, including two whole cohorts of individuals, is used. A difference-in-difference propensity score matching estimator is applied to estimate the relationship between income and migration up to seven years after migrating. The results show variation between different ability groups with respect to the return to regional migration. There are indications of larger gains for individuals holding top grades, while the bottom half seems to benefit less, or have slightly negative returns. The difference in return to migration across GPA quartiles is larger for women than for men.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2014. 29 p.
Series
Umeå economic studies, ISSN 0348-1018 ; 880
Keyword
Human capital, income, internal migration, propensity score matching
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-86655 (URN)
Available from: 2014-03-03 Created: 2014-03-03 Last updated: 2014-03-04Bibliographically approved
4. Back to the Future: Migration, Matching and the Power Couple Phenomenon in Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Back to the Future: Migration, Matching and the Power Couple Phenomenon in Sweden
2014 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper contributes to a recent and growing literature addressing the phenomenon of high-credentialed power couples. It seeks to determine the extent to which precursors of power couple formation and location choice of couples at midlife are evident in young people during their formative school years. Its second objective is to extend the analysis of location choice by modeling location choice among different sizes of labor market areas, given different power status of the couples.

     Based on analysis of Swedish register data, we produce evidence that power spouses evolve from the population of high achieving school age individuals, the latter identified by high academic performance during the years of compulsory schooling. Other factors such as parental education and family income also play a role. In addition, there appear to be regional disparities in the evolution of power couples. The evidence also points to the presence self-selection arising from unmeasured heterogeneity, both in spouse matching and to a lesser extent in location choice. Regarding location choice, the results indicate that power couples display a disproportionate tendency to migrate from their regions of origin to large cities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2014. 28 p.
Series
Umeå economic studies, ISSN 0348-1018 ; 881
Keyword
Early markers, education, location choice, marital matching
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-86670 (URN)
Available from: 2014-03-04 Created: 2014-03-04 Last updated: 2014-03-04Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Migration and Regional Sorting of Skills(2299 kB)675 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT02.pdfFile size 2299 kBChecksum SHA-512
a26919d520727dcfffe0086d84193e30d6bc3bd860e454e8948f61c4a646c1297f60c9886d96937a20cba16b7d0b295447ecd950f2ab57fcb44ab97c3c578ce7
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Authority records BETA

Tano, Sofia

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Tano, Sofia
By organisation
Economics
Economics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 675 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 737 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf