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Coopetition - Quo vadis?: Past accomplishments and future challenges
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE).
Department of Management and Organization, Hanken School of Economics, Finland & Erling-Persson Center for Entrepreneurship, Hanken School of Economics, Finland.
2014 (English)In: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 43, no 2, 180-188 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research on coopetition has been conducted for more than two decades. However, several concepts remain that require elaboration. A study on the literature shows that there is a lack of unified definitions, as various definitions have been employed in previous accomplished research. In this article we suggest that the early definition of coopetition, as a dual relationship between firms that simultaneously cooperate and compete needs to be refined. Our new definition suggests that coopetition is a paradoxical relationship between two or more actors, regardless of whether they are in horizontal or vertical relationships, simultaneously involved in cooperative and competitive interactions. We also highlight important contributions to the field, and some shortcomings that point to future challenges for coopetition research. Finally, we put forward five directions for future research: (1) understand the balancing of cooperation and competition, (2) understand the coopetition paradox and engendered tension, (3) apply a multilevel perspective on coopetition (4) understand the dynamics of coopetitive interaction, and (5) understand how coopetition impacts business models and strategy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2014. Vol. 43, no 2, 180-188 p.
Keyword [en]
Coopetition, Coopetition paradox, Tension, Multilevel perspective, Coopetition business models
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-86814DOI: 10.1016/j.indmarman.2014.02.015OAI: diva2:704217
Available from: 2014-03-11 Created: 2014-03-11 Last updated: 2014-05-19Bibliographically approved

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Bengtsson, Maria
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