umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
For the Lulz: Anonymous, Aesthetics and Affect
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
2014 (English)In: tripleC (cognition, communication, co-operation): Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society / Unified Theory of Information Research Group, ISSN 1726-670X, E-ISSN 1726-670X, Vol. 12, no 1, 238-264 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The focus of this paper is on different but connected areas of power – relating to things such as economic globalisation, surveillance, censorship/freedom, ‘terrorism’ and/or specific military activity – visually represented through online media, and intentionally produced to inform a wide spectrum of individuals and interest groups about global and local social injustices. Or, more importantly, produced and distributed with the purpose of providing users with possibilities to engage, bodily and emotionally, in diverse ways: may it be through physical antiwar/anti-wall street protests or hacktivist tactics (e.g. DDoS attacks).

We examine a sample of videos, photographs and propaganda posters produced, and digitally distributed (2008-2013), by the fragmented body of activists united globally under the generic name of Anonymous. Analytically, we will draw upon Mouffe’s thoughts on ‘antagonism’ and ‘passion,’ Foucault’s ideas on international citizenship and the (ethical) ‘right to intervene’ (beyond governmentality), together with Sontag’s notion of institutional political inertia and the Deleuzian/Spinozian perspective on affect as a capacity for action. The goal is to analyse the ways in which Anonymous systematically inspire (not only) the radical and social imaginary but also other direct forms of action that have potential societal effects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 12, no 1, 238-264 p.
Keyword [en]
Anonymous, Aesthetics, Affect, Hacktivism, Hacker Culture, Resistance, Dissent, Passion, Lulz, YouTube, Twitter, Social Media, Popular Culture, Power, Globalisation, Surveillance, Censorship, Freedom, Terrorism, Counter-Hegemony, Counter-Discourse
National Category
Media Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-87268OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-87268DiVA: diva2:708211
Available from: 2014-03-27 Created: 2014-03-27 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The mediation of affect: security, fear and subversive hope in visual culture
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The mediation of affect: security, fear and subversive hope in visual culture
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The overarching purpose of this study has been to problematise how visual practices and the mediation of affect is linked to the capacity to produce (new) perceptual realities, sensations and imaginaries, ultimately aiming to legitimate or counter-legitimate the hegemonic discourses and practices mobilised in the name of security. The first part of my thesis approaches this matter through an analysis of media cultures and discursive systems circulating within the court and the state military. Here, I discuss the impact of affect in the judicial-policial production of visible evidence (paper 1; published in the International Journal for the Semiotics of Law) and the state military (visual) narrative of threat (paper 2; published in MedieKultur: Journal of media and communication research). Additionally, as affect runs counter to hegemonic power relations as well as reinforces them, the second part of my thesis focuses on the way in which different resistance collectives cultivate affective dimensions through aesthetic practices in order to foster political attitudes that contest the established discourses of the (in)secure. Here, I examine the online activist group Anonymous’ visual political communication (paper 3; published in TripleC - Communication, Capitalism & Critique. Open Access Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society), and the Spanish movement Podemos’ visual and verbal discursive strategies (paper 4; forthcoming in Cultural Studies). In terms of theoretical and methodological approaches, I have my roots in, among others, Mouffe’s (2005) notion of conflict and (political) affect, Foucault’s (1980) concept of power/knowledge, and Thompson’s (1984; 1990) three-dimensional framework of ideology- analysis. In paper 1, my findings suggest that camera-produced images and technical and dramaturgical elements may have unintentional judicial consequences when they are read as evidence. I detail how this production of visible evidence can potentially stimulate and elicit emotional reaction, as well as discussing the degree to which pictorial crime evidence fails to be an instrumental and neutral representation of truth. In paper 2, my findings point in the direction where the military representation of the ‘Other as threat’ connects to aspects of economic globalisation and the (inter)national production of defence materiel. In article 3 (co-authored with Lindgren 2014) my findings suggest that citizen participation in public matters can be made engaging through the mobilisation of that which Anonymous calls ‘the lulz’; a tickling joy/pleasure (also, a sense of meaningfulness) of standing against power abuse through, for example, online direct action and culture jamming practices. Paper 4 explores the relationship between the affective and the visual using a broader security framework. Here, my findings indicate that Podemos’ discursive battle for social protection and economic security in a context of the crisis of political representation, is no longer framed through the traditional left-right conflict, but within the post- ideological (affective) articulation of ‘the new’ versus ‘the old’ and/or other discursive differences. I show how affect works as a potential for social change, by analysing the strategic production of a ‘We-Them’ discourse using Podemos’ take on social media and the media logic of mainstream television.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2016. 91 p.
Series
Medier & kommunikation, ISSN 1104-067X ; 16
Keyword
affect, emotion, aesthetics, visual culture, discourse, Otherness, power, security
National Category
Media Studies Communication Studies
Research subject
medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-127052 (URN)978-91-7601-595-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-11-25, hörsal D, Samhällsvetarhuset, Umeå, 08:30 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-11-04 Created: 2016-10-27 Last updated: 2016-12-14Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(3525 kB)1802 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 3525 kBChecksum SHA-512
e4e441657e739578440a96f52d7999ea5293251e9e7fac37495368fac7a507b073c2c64b1158b34e364c3d5f8c17282b7753f35862bd880b1a077f6c53b76ab7
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

URL

Authority records BETA

Ferrada Stoehrel, RodrigoLindgren, Simon

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Ferrada Stoehrel, RodrigoLindgren, Simon
By organisation
Department of culture and media studiesDepartment of Sociology
In the same journal
tripleC (cognition, communication, co-operation): Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society / Unified Theory of Information Research Group
Media Studies

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 1802 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 514 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf