Perioperative fluid guidance with transthoracic echocardiography and pulse-contour device in morbidly obese patients
2014 (English)In: Obesity Surgery, ISSN 0960-8923, E-ISSN 1708-0428, Vol. 24, no 12, 2117-2125 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In bariatric surgery, non-or mini-invasive modalities for cardiovascular monitoring are addressed to meet individual variability in hydration needs. The aim of the study was to compare conventional monitoring to an individualized goal-directed therapy (IGDT) regarding the need of perioperative fluids and cardiovascular stability.
Fifty morbidly obese patients were consecutively scheduled for laparoscopic bariatric surgery (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01873183). The intervention group (IG, n=30) was investigated preoperatively with transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and rehydrated with colloid fluids if a low level of venous return was detected. During surgery, IGDT was continued with a pulse-contour device (FloTrac (TM)). In the control group (CG, n=20), conventional monitoring was conducted. The type and amount of perioperative fluids infused, vasoactive/inotropic drugs administered, and blood pressure levels were registered.
In the IG, 213 +/- 204 mL colloid fluids were administered as preoperative rehydration vs. no preoperative fluids in the CG (p<0.001). During surgery, there was no difference in the fluids administered between the groups. Mean arterial blood pressures were higher in the IG vs. the CG both after induction of anesthesia and during surgery (p=0.001 and p=0.001).
In morbidly obese patients suspected of being hypovolemic, increased cardiovascular stability may be reached by preoperative rehydration. The management of rehydration should be individualized. Additional invasive monitoring does not appear to have any effect on outcomes in obesity surgery.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 24, no 12, 2117-2125 p.
bariatric surgery, morbid obesity, rehydration, venous return, transthoracic echocardiography, perioperative monitoring, goal-directed therapy, stroke volume variation, preoperative assessment
Anesthesiology and Intensive Care
Research subject Anaesthesiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-87459DOI: 10.1007/s11695-014-1329-4ISI: 000346780400017PubMedID: 24902655OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-87459DiVA: diva2:709484