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Olfactory Disorders and Quality of Life-An Updated Review
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Gothenburg University, Göteborg, Sweden and Smell & Taste Clinic, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Dresden Medical School, Dresden, Germany.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Smell & Taste Clinic, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Dresden Medical School, Dresden, Germany.
Smell & Taste Clinic, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Dresden Medical School, Germany.
2014 (English)In: Chemical Senses, ISSN 0379-864X, E-ISSN 1464-3553, Vol. 39, no 3, 185-194 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Olfactory disorders are common and affect about one-fifth of the general population. The main causes of olfactory loss are post viral upper respiratory infection, nasal/sinus disease, and head trauma and are therefore very frequent among patients in ear, nose, and throat clinics. We have systematically reviewed the impact of quantitative, qualitative, and congenital olfactory disorders on daily life domains as well as on general quality of life and depression. From the extensive body of literature, it can be concluded that loss of the sense of smell leads to disturbances in important areas, mainly in food enjoyment, detecting harmful food and smoke, and to some extent in social situations and working life. Most patients seem to deal well and manage those restrictions. However, a smaller proportion has considerable problems and expresses a noticeable reduction in general quality of life and enhanced depression. The impact of coping strategies is discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2014. Vol. 39, no 3, 185-194 p.
Keyword [en]
Depression, olfaction, prevalence, quality of life, smell
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-87395DOI: 10.1093/chemse/bjt072ISI: 000331846100001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-87395DiVA: diva2:709521
Available from: 2014-04-02 Created: 2014-03-31 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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