CONTEXT: Tryptophan hydroxylase is the rate-limiting enzyme in the serotonin (5-HT) biosynthetic pathway responsible for the regulation of serotonin levels. Tryptophan hydroxylase 2 (TPH2) was found to be solely expressed in the brain and therefore considered an important susceptibility gene in psychiatric disorders.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of the brain-specific TPH2 gene in unipolar (UP) disorder and bipolar (BP) disorder in a northern Swedish, isolated population.
DESIGN: HapMap-based haplotype-tagging single nucleotide polymorphism (htSNP) patient-control association study.
SETTING: A northern Swedish, isolated population.
PARTICIPANTS: One hundred thirty-five unrelated patients with UP disorder, 182 unrelated patients with BP disorder, and 364 unrelated control individuals.
RESULTS: Significant allelic association was identified in our UP disorder association sample for an htSNP located in the 5' promoter region (rs11178997; P = .001). Haplotype analysis supported this significant result by the presence of a protective factor on hapblock 2 (P(specific) = .002). In the BP disorder association sample, single-marker association identified a significant htSNP in the upstream regulatory region (rs4131348; P = .004). Moreover, haplotype analysis in the BP disorder sample showed that the same htSNPs from hapblock 2 associated with UP disorder were also significantly associated with BP disorder (P(specific) = .002).
CONCLUSIONS: Haplotype-based analysis of TPH2 in patients with UP and BP disorder and controls from northern Swedish descent provides preliminary evidence for protective association in both disorders and thus supports a central role for TPH2 in the pathogenesis of affective disorders.
American Medical Association , 2006. Vol. 63, no 10, 1103-1110 p.