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Gen(d)eralized Trust: Women, Work, and Trust in Strangers
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
2014 (English)In: European Sociological Review, ISSN 0266-7215, E-ISSN 1468-2672, Vol. 30, no 3, 373-386 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article deals with the question as to whether gender equality in labour force participation affects generalized trust. Following the seminal work of Rothstein and Uslaner, a first hypothesis maintains that gender employment equality positively impacts generalized trust. Based on insights from intergroup contact theory and the affect theory of social exchange, a second hypothesis argues that the relationship between gender employment equality and generalized trust holds only for women. Bayesian multilevel regression analysis based on cross-national survey data from the first five rounds of the European Social Survey (2002–2010) supports the latter hypothesis, showing that a country’s level of gender equality in labour force participation mediates the association between gender and generalized trust. In contrast, there is no evidence for a general impact of gender employment equality on trust in strangers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2014. Vol. 30, no 3, 373-386 p.
Keyword [en]
trust, gender, comparative, work, employment
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-87797DOI: 10.1093/esr/jcu049ISI: 000337977800008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-87797DiVA: diva2:711387
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2011-0019
Available from: 2014-04-10 Created: 2014-04-10 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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