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Improved survival in myeloma patients: starting to close in on the gap between elderly patients and a matched normal population
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2014 (English)In: British Journal of Haematology, ISSN 0007-1048, E-ISSN 1365-2141, Vol. 164, no 5, 684-693 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The outcome for multiple myeloma patients has improved since the introduction of bortezomib, thalidomide and lenalidomide. However, studies comparing new and conventional treatment include selected patient groups. We investigated consecutive patients (n = 1638) diagnosed in a defined period and compared survival with a gender- and age-matched cohort Swedish population (n = 9 340 682). Median overall survival for non-high-dose treated patients was 2.8 years. The use of bortezomib, thalidomide or lenalidomide in first line therapy predicted a significantly longer overall survival (median 4.9 years) compared to conventional treatment (2.3 years). Among non-high-dose treated patients receiving at least 2 lines with bortezomib, thalidomide or lenalidomide, 69% and 63% have survived at 3 and 5 years as compared to 48% and 22% with conventional drugs and 88% and 79% in the matched cohort populations, respectively. The median overall survival in high-dose treated patients was 6.9 years. Of these patients, 84% survived at 3 years and 70% at 5 years as compared to 98% and 95% in the matched cohort population. Overall survival in the best non-high-dose treated outcome group is closing the gap with the matched cohort. Upfront use of new drugs is clearly better than waiting until later lines of treatment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2014. Vol. 164, no 5, 684-693 p.
Keyword [en]
myeloma; time to next treatment; progression-free survival; treatment sequencing; population based
National Category
Cancer and Oncology
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-87151DOI: 10.1111/bjh.12685ISI: 000331354700009OAI: diva2:711734
Available from: 2014-04-11 Created: 2014-03-24 Last updated: 2014-04-11Bibliographically approved

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