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Interaction between plastid and mitochondrial retrograde signalling pathways during changes to plastid redox status
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Plant Physiology. Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Plant Science Centre (UPSC).
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Plant Physiology. Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Plant Science Centre (UPSC).
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Plant Physiology. Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Plant Science Centre (UPSC).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6664-0471
2014 (English)In: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences, ISSN 0962-8436, E-ISSN 1471-2970, Vol. 369, no 1640, 20130231Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Mitochondria and chloroplasts depend upon each other; photosynthesis provides substrates for mitochondrial respiration and mitochondrial metabolism is essential for sustaining photosynthetic carbon assimilation. In addition, mitochondrial respiration protects photosynthesis against photoinhibition by dissipating excess redox equivalents from the chloroplasts. Genetic defects in mitochondrial function result in an excessive reduction and energization of the chloroplast. Thus, it is clear that the activities of mitochondria and plastids need to be coordinated, but the manner by which the organelles communicate to coordinate their activities is unknown. The regulator of alternative oxidase (rao1) mutant was isolated as a mutant unable to induce AOX1a expression in response to the inhibitor of the mitochondrial cytochrome c reductase (complex III), antimycin A. RAO1 encodes the nuclear localized cyclin-dependent kinase E1 (CDKE1). Interestingly, the rao1 mutant demonstrates a genome uncoupled phenotype also in response to redox changes in the photosynthetic electron transport chain. Thus, CDKE1 was shown to regulate both LIGHT HARVESTING COMPLEX B (LHCB) and ALTERNATIVE OXIDASE 1 (AOX1a) expression in response to retrograde signals. Our results suggest that CDKE1 is a central nuclear component integrating mitochondrial and plastid retrograde signals and plays a role in regulating energy metabolism during the response to stress.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Royal Society Publishing , 2014. Vol. 369, no 1640, 20130231
Keyword [en]
redox, retrograde, chloroplast, mitochondria, kinase
National Category
Botany
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-87866DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2013.0231ISI: 000332468400011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-87866DiVA: diva2:712194
Note

Special Issue: Changing the light environment: chloroplast signalling and response mechanisms

Available from: 2014-04-14 Created: 2014-04-14 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Blanco, Nicolas E.Guinea-Diaz, ManuelStrand, Åsa

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Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences
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