Mecillinam resistance and outcome of pivmecillinam treatment in uncomplicated lower urinary tract infection in women
2014 (English)In: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica (APMIS), ISSN 0903-4641, E-ISSN 1600-0463, Vol. 122, no 4, 317-323 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Pivmecillinam (PIV) is a first-line antimicrobial for treatment of lower urinary tract infection in women (LUTIW). Mecillinam, the active substance of PIV, is bactericidal mainly against gram-negative uropathogens, whereas gram-positive species are considered intrinsically resistant. However, successful treatment of LUTIW caused by Staphylococcus saprophyticus has been reported, but more rarely for other gram-positive species. The aim of this study was to compare clinical and bacteriological outcome of PIV vs placebo treatment among uropathogens with special focus on mecillinam-resistant isolates. We analysed data from a prospective, multicentre, placebo-controlled, primary health care, therapy study performed in Sweden in 1995-1998 that included 1143 women with symptoms suggestive of LUTIW. Urine cultures were collected and symptoms registered at inclusion and at follow-up visits. Overall, the efficacy of PIV was superior to that of placebo. Clinical and bacteriological outcomes of PIV treatment were similar for S. saprophyticus, Escherichia coli as for most other uropathogens irrespective of their susceptibility to mecillinam. However, the occurrence of enterococci increased nearly fivefold shortly post PIV treatment, although with mild symptoms and a high spontaneous eradication. As susceptibility to mecillinam in vitro did not predict bacteriological and clinical outcome of PIV treatment, we suggest that the present breakpoints for mecillinam should be revised.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell, 2014. Vol. 122, no 4, 317-323 p.
Cystitis, mecillinam resistance, pivmecillinam treatment, uropathogens, women
Microbiology in the medical area Immunology in the medical area Pedagogy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-87868DOI: 10.1111/apm.12147ISI: 000332206700006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-87868DiVA: diva2:712587