Between private interests and the state. Corporatist strategies in the Swedish railway council, 1902-1967.
2015 (English)In: Journal of Transport History, ISSN 0022-5266, E-ISSN 1759-3999, Vol. 36, no 2, 151-169 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study explores the strategies employed by the Swedish RailwayCouncil to influence national railway policy from 1902 to 1967. TheCouncil was a corporatist arrangement and functioned as a broker betweenindustrial and regional interests and the public railways. The resultsshow that though the Council's policy influence in many cases wasmarginal, there were occasions when the members could use the Council asa tool to influence railway policy, most notably the division of thenetwork into profitable and unprofitable lines, with different forms ofgovernment subsidies. The Council's influence gained from a shift inarguments from that tariffs should be high enough to deliver a return onthe invested capital, to an emphasis on having tariffs that could supportnational and regional economic development, even if it created commerciallosses. When Swedish transport policy shifted in the 1960s, the Railway Council gradually lost its importance and eventually dissolved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2015. Vol. 36, no 2, 151-169 p.
Railways, interest group, economic history, institutions, Sweden
Research subject Economic History
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-88362DOI: 10.7227/TJTH.36.2.2OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-88362DiVA: diva2:715295
FunderThe Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation, P2007-0187:1