umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Self-rated physical loads of work tasks among firefighters
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine. Winternet, Boden, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2339-6381
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine. Winternet, Boden, Sweden.
2014 (English)In: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, ISSN 1080-3548, E-ISSN 2376-9130, Vol. 20, no 2, 309-321 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: The present study sought to identify firefighters' rated physical demands for the most frequently occuring work tasks and to determine if the ratings differed between full-time and part-time firefighters to help create a basis for the development of physical employment tests for firefighters.

Methods: An extensive questionnaire was completed by 125 and 68 firefighters in 2000 and 2010, respectively. The data were analysed with the Mann-Whitney U test and binominal test and ranked on the basis of the responses in each category.

Results: Significant differences were seen between the full-time and part-time firefighters. The work tasks rated as the most physically strenous in terms of aerobic fitness, muscle strength, work posture and body control by most responders were smoke diving upstairs (carrying a hose), victim rescue in different ways, carrying a stretcher over terrain and pulling a hose.

Conclusions: Physically strenous work tasks should be included in the end-point performance variables used to select physical performance tests for firefighters. The part-time firefighters with no experience in several of the work tasks suggests that work-related exercises are important if both groups of firefighters are expected to do similar work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Taylor & Francis, 2014. Vol. 20, no 2, 309-321 p.
Keyword [en]
emergency personnel, ergonomics, physical demand, performance, tests
National Category
Physiotherapy Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-88433DOI: 10.1080/10803548.2014.11077042ISI: 000338268100011PubMedID: 24934427OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-88433DiVA: diva2:715688
Available from: 2014-05-06 Created: 2014-05-06 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Firefighters' physical work capacity
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Firefighters' physical work capacity
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Brandmäns fysiska arbetskapacitet
Abstract [en]

The overall aim of this thesis was to identify valid, simple, and inexpensive physical tests that can be used for evaluation of firefighters’ physical work capacity. Paper I included fulltime- and part-time firefighters (n = 193), aged 20-60 years. Perceived physical demands of firefighting work tasks were ranked, and comparisons between subject groups rating were done with the Mann Whitney U-test and Binominal test. Papers II and III included male firefighters and civilian men and women (n = 38), aged 24-57 years. Laboratory and field tests of aerobic fitness, muscle strength and endurance, balance, and simulated firefighting work tasks were performed. Physical capacity comparisons between subject groups were done and bivariate correlations between physical tests and work capacity in the simulated firefighting work tasks analyzed. Paper IV included the same subjects as in Paper II-III (training-set), and additional 90 subjects (prediction-set), aged 20-50 years. Laboratory and field tests of aerobic fitness, muscle strength and endurance and balance, and simulated firefighting work tasks were included. Data from the training-set was used to build models for prediction of firefighters’ physical work capacity, using multivariate statistic. The prediction-set was used to externally validate the selected models. Several work tasks were rated as physically demanding and significant differences (p < 0.05) in ratings were found between full-time and part-time firefighters (Paper I). Significant differences were found between subject groups in physical capacity, and work capacity (p < 0.01) (Paper II-IV). Both laboratory and field tests were significantly (p < 0.01) correlated with work capacity time (Paper II-III). The prediction (R2) and predictive power (Q2) of firefighters’ work capacity (Carrying hose baskets upstairs, Hose pulling, Demolition at or after a fire, Victim rescue, and Carrying hose baskets over terrain) was R2 = 0.74 to 0.91, and Q2 = 0.65 to 0.85, and the external validation ranged between R2: 0.38 to 0.80 (Paper IV).

In conclusion, rowing 500 m (s), maximal handgrip strength (kg), endurance bench press (n), running 3000 m (s and s scaled to body weight) upright barbell row (n) and standing broad jump (m) together provides valid information about firefighters’ physical work capacity. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå Universitet, 2014. 67 p.
Series
Umeå University medical dissertations, ISSN 0346-6612 ; 1652
Keyword
Physical demands, performance, work capacity, aerobic fitness, anaerobic fitness, muscle strength, muscle endurance, balance, ergonomics, physical testing, SIMCA
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-88729 (URN)978-91-7601-054-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-06-13, Biologihuset, Rum A 201, Umeå Universitet, Umeå, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-05-23 Created: 2014-05-13 Last updated: 2014-05-23Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Authority records BETA

Lindberg, Ann-SofieMalm, Christer

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Lindberg, Ann-SofieMalm, Christer
By organisation
Sports Medicine
In the same journal
International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics
PhysiotherapySport and Fitness Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 112 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf