umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Enskilda avlopp i Nordmalings kommun: Utvärdering av faktorer vid prioritering av inventeringsområden och krav på enskilda avlopp
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Individual Sewers in Nordmalings Municipality – Evaluation of Factors when Prioritizing Inventory Areas and Demands of Individual Sewers

The purpose of this study was to examine what to consider when prioritising inventory areas for individual sewers, as well as how an inventory should be initiated in Nordmalings municipality. The information was gathered by studying legislation, documents by government agencies, maps and by conducting a questionnaire survey. The study showed that the demands on individual sewers must be separately determined in every individual case. Sewer system shall have further wastewater treatment than only septic tanks, for example an infiltration plant. The demands should be determined by the protection level of the Environmental Protection Agency's guidelines (NFS 2006:7) for small sewage systems for domestic wastewater. The areas demanding a high level of protection are sensitive to emissions from individual sewers. Such areas can for example be Natura 2000, bathing places and water that is sensitive to eutrophication. The questionnaire was sent to 85 property owners and 64 of them responded. The majority of the ones with permanent housing had septic tanks (90.5 %) and an infiltration plant (60.0 %). The questionnaire indicated that the majority of the individual sewers were acceptable but that a significant part may have serious flaws. Prioritisation of inventory areas can be based on the areas that need high level of protection. Based on these results, coastal areas in Nordmalings municipality should be prioritised for an inventory of individual sewers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 31 p.
Keyword [en]
individual sewer, eutrophication, environmental code, protection level
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-88695OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-88695DiVA: diva2:716759
Subject / course
Examensarbete i miljö och hälsoskydd
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Environmental Health
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-05-22 Created: 2014-05-12 Last updated: 2014-05-22Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(1426 kB)236 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT02.pdfFile size 1426 kBChecksum SHA-512
0c7bf2c4d2336e353a9fa52806e1e016e6863b86d6afbce5db7869ec955a6a5f1e94a2f86fa455f97f31df7abe11cd2aaa62a3f94598d6e9aceb9ee344977ca7
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences
Natural Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 236 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 259 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf