ILAE official report: a practical clinical definition of epilepsy
2014 (English)In: Epilepsia, ISSN 0013-9580, E-ISSN 1528-1167, Vol. 55, no 4, 475-482 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Epilepsy was defined conceptually in 2005 as a disorder of the brain characterized by an enduring predisposition to generate epileptic seizures. This definition is usually practically applied as having two unprovoked seizures >24h apart. The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) accepted recommendations of a task force altering the practical definition for special circumstances that do not meet the two unprovoked seizures criteria. The task force proposed that epilepsy be considered to be a disease of the brain defined by any of the following conditions: (1) At least two unprovoked (or reflex) seizures occurring >24h apart; (2) one unprovoked (or reflex) seizure and a probability of further seizures similar to the general recurrence risk (at least 60%) after two unprovoked seizures, occurring over the next 10years; (3) diagnosis of an epilepsy syndrome. Epilepsy is considered to be resolved for individuals who either had an age-dependent epilepsy syndrome but are now past the applicable age or who have remained seizure-free for the last 10years and off antiseizure medicines for at least the last 5years. "Resolved" is not necessarily identical to the conventional view of "remission or "cure." Different practical definitions may be formed and used for various specific purposes. This revised definition of epilepsy brings the term in concordance with common use. A PowerPoint slide summarizing this article is available for download in the Supporting Information section.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2014. Vol. 55, no 4, 475-482 p.
unprovoked, definition, epilepsy, recurrence, seizure
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-89231DOI: 10.1111/epi.12550ISI: 000334657000005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-89231DiVA: diva2:719713