Proton and gallium(III) binding properties of a biologically active salicylidene acylhydrazide
2014 (English)In: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry, ISSN 0162-0134, E-ISSN 1873-3344, Vol. 138, 9-15 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Bacterial biofilm formation causes a range of problems in our society, especially in health care. Salicylidene acylhydrazides (hydrazones) are promising antivirulence drugs targeting secretion systems used during bacterial infection of host cells. When mixed with the gallium ion they become especially potent as bacterial and biofilm growth-suppressing agents, although the mechanisms through which this occurs are not fully understood. At the base of this uncertainty lies the nature of hydrazone-metal interactions. This study addresses this issue by resolving the equilibrium speciation of hydrazone-gallium aqueous solutions. The protonation constants of the target 2-oxo-2-[N-(2,4,6-trihydroxy-benzylidene)-hydrazino]-acetamide (ME0163) hydrazone species and of its 2,4,6-trihydroxybenzaldehyde and oxamic acid hydrazide building blocks were determined by UV-visible spectrophotometry to achieve this goal. These studies show that the hydrazone is an excessively strong complexing agent for gallium and that its antivirulence properties are predominantly ascribed to monomeric 1:1Ga-ME0163 complexes of various Ga hydrolysis and ME0163 protonation states. The chelation of Ga(III) to the hydrazone also increased the stability of the compounds against acid-induced hydrolysis, making this group of compounds very interesting for biological applications where the Fe-antagonist action of both Ga(III) and the hydrazone can be combined for enhanced biological effect.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2014. Vol. 138, 9-15 p.
protonation, complex formation, gallium, pH titration, UV-VIS, equilibrium constants
Chemical Sciences Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-89585DOI: 10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2014.04.012ISI: 000339303000002PubMedID: 24837332OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-89585DiVA: diva2:721697