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Measuring soil motion with terrestrial close range photogrammetry in periglacial environments
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Computing Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7657-6917
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences. (Arcum)
2014 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Cryoturbation plays an important role in the carbon cycle as it redistributes carbon deeper down in the soil where the cold temperature prevents microbial decomposition. This contribution is also included in recent models describing the long-term build up of carbon stocks in artic soils. Soil motion rate in cryoturbated soils is sparsely studied. This is because the internal factors maintaining cryoturbation will be affected by any excavation, making it impossible to remove soil samples or install pegs without changing the structure of the soil. So far, mainly the motion of soil surface markers on patterned ground has been used to infer lateral soil motion rates. However, such methods constrain the investigated area to a predetermined distribution of surface markers that may result in a loss of information regarding soil motion in other parts of the patterned ground surface.

We present a novel method based on terrestrial close range (<5m) photogrammetry to calculate lateral and vertical soil motion across entire small-scale periglacial features, such as non-sorted circles (frost boils). Images were acquired by a 5-camera calibrated rig from at least 8 directions around a non-sorted circle. During acquisition, the rig was carried by one person in a backpack-like portable camera support system. Natural feature points were detected by SIFT and matched between images using the known epipolar geometry of the calibrated rig. The 3D coordinates of points matched between at least 3 images were calculated to create a point cloud of the surface of interest. The procedure was repeated during two consecutive years to be able to measure any net displacement of soil and calculate rates of soil motion. The technique was also applied to a peat palsa where multiple exposures where acquired of selected areas.

The method has the potential to quantify areas of disturbance and estimate lateral and vertical soil motion in non-sorted circles. Furthermore, it should be possible to quantify peat erosion and rates of desiccation crack formations in peat palsas. This tool could provide new information about cryoturbation rates that could improve existing soil carbon models and increase our understanding about how soil carbon stocks will respond to climate change.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
National Category
Computer Vision and Robotics (Autonomous Systems) Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Computer and Information Science; Physical Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-89591OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-89591DiVA: diva2:721909
Conference
EUCOP4, 4th European Conference on Permafrost, 18-21 June 2014, Évora, Portugal
Available from: 2014-06-05 Created: 2014-06-05 Last updated: 2016-05-20

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Becher, MarinaBörlin, NiclasKlaminder, Jonatan
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