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Spontan abort. En litteraturstudie om kvinnors upplevelse av tidiga missfall
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: I Sverige slutar ungefär 12-13 % av alla kända graviditeter med missfall. De flesta sker innan graviditetsvecka 13 och räknas därmed som tidiga. Många kvinnor upplever att vårdpersonalen inte ger dem det stöd de behöver. Detta kan bero på bristfällig kunskap om den känslomässiga processen vid tidiga missfall.

Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att beskriva kvinnors upplevelser i samband med tidiga missfall.

Metod: I litteraturstudien har 10 kvalitativa empiriska studier sammanställts och analyserats utifrån Fribergs analysmetod, inspirerad av beskrivande syntes. Artikelsökning utfördes i databaserna Cinahl, Pubmed och SweMed+.

Resultat: Upplevelserna vid tidiga missfall innefattar psykiska, existentiella och sociala aspekter samt omvårdnadsrelaterade upplevelser. Missfallet upplevs ofta som en oväntad förlust vilket kan medföra reaktioner som sorg, ifrågasättande av den egna identiteten och skuldkänslor. Många kvinnor känner sig missförstådda av sina anhöriga och att vårdpersonalen inte uppmärksammar deras känslor, upplevelser och behov.

Slutsats: Litteraturstudiens resultat visar att kvinnor vill bli bemötta med respekt och förståelse vid tidiga missfall. För att förbättra omvårdnaden av dessa kvinnor krävs personcentrerad omvårdnad som uppmärksammar deras individuella behov, utbildning bland vårdpersonalen samt ytterligare forskning inom området.

Abstract [en]

Background: About 12-13 % of all recognised pregnancies in Sweden end in a miscarriage. The majority of these occur before gestational week 13 and are therefore classified as early. Many women experience inadequate support from the nursing staff. This could be related to a limited knowledge about the emotional process subsequent to early miscarriages.

Aim: The aim of this study was to describe women’s experiences associated with early miscarriages.

Methods: In this literature study 10 empirical studies were compiled and analysed with Friberg’s method of analysis, inspired by descriptive synthesis. Article search was performed in the Cinahl, PubMed and SweMed+ databases.

Results: The experiences of early miscarriages include psychological, existential and social aspects and experiences connected to nursing care. The miscarriage is often perceived as an unexpected bereavement that can bring about reactions such as grief, questioning of one’s identity and guilt. Many women feel misunderstood by their friends and families and that the nursing staff does not recognize their feelings, experiences and needs.

Conclusion: The result of the literature study shows that women want to be met with respect and understanding during the time of early miscarriage. Person centred care that recognise the women’s individual needs, education among the staff and further research in this area is needed to improve the nursing care of these women.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 34 p.
Keyword [en]
Spontaneous abortion, Life experiences, Nursing care, Women
Keyword [sv]
Spontan abort, Upplevelse, Omvårdnad, Kvinnor
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-90511OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-90511DiVA: diva2:728174
Educational program
Nursing Programme; Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-03-31 Created: 2014-06-23 Last updated: 2016-03-31Bibliographically approved

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Spontan abort - En litteraturstudie om kvinnors upplevelse av tidiga missfall(852 kB)138 downloads
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