Energiomställning och teknisk omvandling i svensk massa- och pappersindustri 1970-1990
2014 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
This research report examines the driving forces and strategies in the Swedish pulp and paper industry to phase-out of oil and accomplishing energy savings in the 1970s - and '80s. The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of development and contribute to a further understanding of the knowledge building that took shape in the Swedish pulp and paper industry on the energy area in the awake of the oil crises. During the investigated period, the use of fossil fuels dropped with more than 70 per cent, and this was mainly achieved by substituting oil by internal biofuels. This transition started as response to the first oil crisis in 1973, but was further reinforced by the energy policy, which expanded from the mid 1970s and onwards. The replacement of oil was achieved trough short-term measures to improve the energy efficiency and to increase the use of biofuels, while the use of external electricity played a minor role. It was soon recognized that also long-term investments in R&D was needed. Collaborations between companies through trade associations and committees came to be a characteristic strategy employed by the industry to advance knowledge and new technology on the energy area. This report demonstrates the central role that the changing prices of oil had on the pulp and paper industry to explore the possibilities of a more efficient use of internal biofuels, which previously not had been utilised. In this sense, the oil crisis forced the industry sector into a more sustainable path. It also demonstrates the central role that the government played, and can play, to support and enhance the development of new technological development paths. As for the oil crises, a big part of the energy policy objectives i.e. to phase out oil from the Swedish energy system, coincided with the industry’s needs to lower the costs and risks from being dependent on oil.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 26 p.
Umeå studies in economic history, ISSN 0347-254X ; 43
Massa och pappersindustri, energi, olja, biobränslen, teknik, energipolitik.
Economics and Business
Research subject Economic History
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-90649OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-90649DiVA: diva2:729690
ProjectsMiljödriven industriomvandling? En studie av svensk- massa och pappersindustri 1960-1990.