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Vårdpersonals attityder till missbrukare: En litteraturstudie
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: Alcohol and drug abuse is a worldwide health problem and health care professionals should maintain an ethical approach to all patients. People with substance abuse problems experience poor health care delivery, partly because of the attitudes of health care professionals.

Aim: To examine the attitudes of health care professionals towards people with substance abuse problems.

Method: A literature study where 8 qualitative research articles were quality reviewed and analyzed.

Results: The attitudes of the majority of health care professionals towards people with substance abuse were negative. People with substance abuse were considered to lack will, to be hopeless cases, to be manipulative with rapid mood swings and were seen only on the basis of their addiction problems. There was also a reluctance to work with these patients. Among the few positive attitudes that emerged were that the health care professionals wanted to show respect, understanding and a willingness to support people with substance abuse. Lack of knowledge and skills is fundamental to the negative attitudes of health care professionals.

Conclusion: Negative attitudes towards people with substance abuse were evident among health care professionals who tended to see them based only on their addiction problems. These negative attitudes can affect the care provided to these patients so that they do not receive adequate care. Education is needed to change the negative attitudes.

 

Keywords: Attitudes, health care professionals, people with substance abuse

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Alkohol- och drogmissbruk är ett hälsoproblem som finns över hela världen och vårdpersonalen bör upprätthålla ett gott etiskt förhållningssätt till alla patienter. Personer med missbruksproblematik upplever en dålig vård bland annat på grund av vårdpersonalens attityder.

Syfte: Att undersöka vårdpersonals attityder till personer med missbruk.

Metod: En litteraturstudie där 8 kvalitativa vetenskapliga artiklar kvalitetsgranskats och analyserats.

Resultat: Det framkom att majoriteten av vårdpersonalens attityder till personer med missbruk var negativa. Detta innebar att personer med missbruk ansågs sakna vilja, vara hopplösa fall, vara manipulativa med snabba humörsvängningar och ses endast utifrån sitt missbruksproblem. Det framkom även en motvilja till att arbeta med den här patientgruppen. Bland de få positiva attityder som framkom var att vårdpersonalen ville visa respekt, få förståelse för och vilja stödja personer med missbruk. Brist på kunskap och kompetens är en grund till negativa attityder hos vårdpersonalen.

Slutsats: Negativa attityder till personer med missbruk var tydliga hos vårdpersonalen och de tenderade att se personerna endast utifrån sitt missbruksproblem. Dessa negativa attityder kan påverka vården som ges till den här patientgruppen på så sätt att de inte får adekvat vård. Utbildning behövs för att förändra de negativa attityderna.

 

Nyckelord: Attityder, vårdpersonal, personer med missbruk

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 23 p.
Keyword [sv]
Vårdpersonal, attityder, personer med missbruk
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-90652OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-90652DiVA: diva2:729739
Educational program
Nursing Programme; Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-03-07 Created: 2014-06-26 Last updated: 2016-03-07Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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