En jämförelse av den fysiska kapaciteten mellan kvinnliga och manliga fotbollsspelare
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Football (or soccer) is a physically complex sport that involves everything from kicking, running, throwing, tackling etc. Even if most of the participants are men, more and more women are playing. As many know there are general differences between genders. A common knowledge is that men are stronger and have higher aerobic capacity. Therefore the purpose of this study was to investigate gender differences in football. 32 experienced football players participated in this study. 17 men (mean age: 22,7 ± 3,5 years, bodyweight: 79,4 ± 7,4kg) and 17 women (mean age: 22,1 ± 3,3 years, bodyweight: 65,2 ± 8,4 kg). The women play in the Swedish first division while men are playing in the Swedish third division. Subjects were tested in endurance (Yo- Yo Intermittent Endurance level 2 test), jumping ability (Squat jump (SJ), Countermovement jump without (CMJ) and with arm swing (CMJ (a)) and sprinting ability (10 meter sprint). The result shows none significant differences between the two teams. The most differences were found in the Yo- Yo IE2 test where the men ran 2321 ± 605m in contrast to the women 1965± 505m (p=0,07). In the sprint testes the men ran 10 meters at 1,77± 0,1s and the women 1,79± 0,1s (p=0,57). At the vertical jump testes the result where in SJ for men 33,2 ± 3,3 and women 31,2 ± 5,2 cm (p=0,11), In CMJ the men performed 35,9 ±5,2 cm and women 33,1±3,6 cm (p=0,10) and in CMJ (a) the men performed 40,0 ±7,3 cm and the women 40,0 ± 3,5 cm (p=0,98). In conclusion the men and women have a similar physical capacity since there were no significant differences found. This could be a result from different training structures or the different physical demands varying from the two divisions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 12 p.
Sport and Fitness Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-90724OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-90724DiVA: diva2:730704
Sports Science Programme, Sports Medicine and Coaching
Theos, Apostolos, Universitetslektor
Yu, Jiguo, Universitetslektor