Oral Appliance Treatment for Obstructive Sleep Apnea: An Update
2014 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine (JCSM), ISSN 1550-9389, Vol. 10, no 2, 215-227 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Oral appliances (OA) have emerged as an alternative to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) treatment. The most commonly used OA reduces upper airway collapse by advancing the mandible (OA(m)). There is a strong evidence base demonstrating OA m improve OSA in the majority of patients, including some with more severe disease. However OA(m) are not efficacious for all, with approximately one-third of patients experiencing no therapeutic benefit. OA(m) are generally well tolerated, although short-term adverse effects during acclimatization are common. Long-term dental changes do occur, but these are for the most part subclinical and do not preclude continued use. Patients often prefer OA(m) to gold-standard CPAP treatment. Head-to-head trials confirm CPAP is superior in reducing OSA parameters on polysomnography; however, this greater efficacy does not necessarily translate into better health outcomes in clinical practice. Comparable effectiveness of OA(m) and CPAP has been attributed to higher reported nightly use of OA(m), suggesting that inferiority in reducing apneic events may be counteracted by greater treatment adherence. Recently, significant advances in commercially available OA(m) technologies have been made. Remotely controlled mandibular positioners have the potential to identify treatment responders and the level of therapeutic advancement required in single night titration polysomnography. Objective monitoring of OA(m) adherence using small embedded temperature sensing data loggers is now available and will enhance clinical practice and research. These technologies will further enhance efficacy and effectiveness of OA(m) treatment for OSA.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 10, no 2, 215-227 p.
Obstructive sleep apnea, oral appliance, mandibular advancement, adherence, effectiveness
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-90877DOI: 10.5664/jcsm.3460ISI: 000336494300015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-90877DiVA: diva2:732262