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Urban-Rural and Socioeconomic Variations in the Knowledge of STIs and AIDS Among Bangladeshi Adolescents
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5095-3454
2014 (English)In: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1010-5395, Vol. 26, no 2, 182-195 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study used data from the Bangladesh Adolescents Survey 2005 to identify socioeconomic and urban-rural determinants of knowledge regarding sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV/AIDS transmission. A cluster sampling of 11986 adolescents was conducted from April to August 2005. Data were analyzed using SPSS applying principle component analysis, multivariate logistic regression analysis, and prevalence ratios (PRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Overall knowledge of transmission of STIs was poor (4.5%), showing urban adolescents having twice the knowledge of rural adolescents (PR = 1.9; 95% CI = 1.6-2.2). HIV/AIDS knowledge level was high (68%), with a 40% higher knowledge among urban adolescents (PR = 1.4; 95% CI = 1.3-1.4). Probability of knowledge of STIs and HIV/AIDS transmission was lowest in 12- to 14-year-old uneducated female household workers of the poorest socioeconomic status in rural settings (0.0002 and 0.064, respectively). The urban-rural factor was more important than the socioeconomic factor. Health promotion and education programs can play an important role in improving the sexual reproductive health knowledge situation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 26, no 2, 182-195 p.
Keyword [en]
STIs, HIV, AIDS, knowledge of transmission, urban-rural, adolescents, Bangladesh
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-90461DOI: 10.1177/1010539511425083ISI: 000333382700008OAI: diva2:733012
Available from: 2014-07-07 Created: 2014-06-23 Last updated: 2015-04-29Bibliographically approved

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Nyström, Lennarth
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