Internationalization of protected areas in Norway and Sweden: examining pathways of influence in similar countries
2014 (English)In: International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services & Management, ISSN 2151-3732, E-ISSN 2151-3740, Vol. 10, no 3, 240-252 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study examines differences in how international regimes for the establishment and management of protected areas have been implemented in Norway and Sweden. We focus on regulatory and normative pathways of international influence, which mirror the distinction between legal and non-legal regimes in international environmental law. Sweden and Norway have essentially responded similarly to the regulatory regimes that apply to both countries. The more normative regimes have influenced them in different ways – primarily by strengthening traditional nature conservation norms in Sweden, and norms about sustainable use by local communities in Norway. The findings indicate that the normative pathway is important mainly as a support for domestic policies that correspond to existing national norms and discourses, and they support the proposition that a high degree of regulatory hardness contributes to increase the level and consistency of implementation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2014. Vol. 10, no 3, 240-252 p.
international agreements, local management, nature conservation, Norway, protected areas, Sweden
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-91467DOI: 10.1080/21513732.2014.938122OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-91467DiVA: diva2:736247
ProjectsManaging Protected Areas in a Time of Internationalization