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Proctocolectomy and pelvic pouch--is a diverting stoma dangerous for the patient?
Department of Surgical Sciences, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
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2004 (English)In: Colorectal Disease, ISSN 1462-8910, E-ISSN 1463-1318, Vol. 6, no 1, 23-7 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: A diverting loop ileostomy was previously considered mandatory for minimizing the effects of septic complications in pelvic pouch surgery. During the past decade there has been a trend towards omission of the loop ileostomy without obvious signs of increased numbers of pouch complications or impaired long-term function. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the risk of complications associated with the construction and closure of the loop ileostomy itself.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Complications following diverting loop ileostomies in 143 patients subjected to restorative pelvic pouch surgery during the period 1983-97 were studied retrospectively by evaluation of case records.

RESULTS: In the period between discharge after pelvic pouch surgery and closure of the loop ileostomy, 20 (14%) patients were hospitalized because of excessive stoma flow and 19 (13%) patients were treated for other surgical complications, of whom 10 (7%) required surgical intervention. In the early postoperative period (within 30 days) after closure of the loop ileostomy, 18 (13%) patients suffered complications necessitating surgery. Another 12 (8%) patients were hospitalized because of intestinal obstruction that could be treated conservatively.

CONCLUSION: The proportion of complications associated with diverting loop ileostomies in pelvic pouch surgery was considerable. A randomised controlled multicentre study is ethically defensible and is recommended.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 6, no 1, 23-7 p.
National Category
Gastroenterology and Hepatology Surgery
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-91652PubMedID: 14692948OAI: diva2:737586
Available from: 2014-08-13 Created: 2014-08-13 Last updated: 2014-08-13

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