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Kan morgondagens folkhälsokatastrof förhindras?: Sekundärpreventiva metoder för barn med övervikt och fetma- en litteraturstudie
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: Studies show that being overweight and obese is the greatest health issue facing the youth today. The physical, psychological and social effects have both short and long term risks for obesity related diseases that will require healthcare.

Information concering preventive methods that are available for health care personnel and nurses is a requirement. Purpose: The purpose with this literary study is to describe secondary preventive methods and their effects on overweight or obese children. Method: In this literary study, eight quantitative research papers have been examined and analysed to draw conclusions. The following databases have been used for research: PubMed and CINAHL. Manual research was also conducted. Results: The analysation of the conclusions draw resulted in headlines that describe the interventions and their effects, both short and long term. Four components could be identified: 1. ”MI- motivational iinterviewing”, 2. ”CBT- cognitive behavioral therapy”, 3. ”Social cognitive theory”, and 4. ”Combined strategies”. Conclusion: Despite varying models, positive results could be seen in every case study. Consolidated information concering secondary preventive methods is needed. This information must become readily available to health care personnel and nurses in particular. More research is a necessity.

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Studier visar att övervikt och fetma är det största hälsoproblemet hos barn och unga. De fysiska, psykiska och sociala effekter tillståndet medför på både kort- och lång sikt ökar risken för överviktsrelaterade sjukdomar som slutligen landar hos sjukvården. Information kring preventiva metoder är något som därför behövs. Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att beskriva sekundärpreventiva metoder och dess effekter vid barns övervikt och fetma. Metod: I denna litteraturstudie har åtta kvantitativa studier granskats och analyserats för att bilda ett resultat. Sökningar gjordes i databaserna PubMed och CINAHL. Manuella sökningar utfördes även. Resultat: Analysen resulterade i rubriker som beskriver interventionerna, deras effekter samt långsiktiga effekter. Även fyra komponenter kunde urskiljas i studierna: 1. “MI-motivational interviewing”, 2. “KBT-kognitiv beteendeterapi”, 3. “Social inlärningsteori” samt 4. “Kombinerade strategier”. Slutsats: Trots varierande modeller kunde effekter ses i alla studier som analyserats. Sammanställd information kring sekundärpreventiva metoder behövs för att lätt nå sjukvårdspersonal, och då i synnerhet sjuksköterskan. Vidare forskning inom området behövs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 24 p.
Keyword [en]
Child, overweight, obesity, preventive, intervention
Keyword [sv]
Barn, övervikt, fetma, sekundärpreventiv, intervention
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-91893OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-91893DiVA: diva2:738443
Educational program
Nursing Programme; Nursing Programme
Presentation
2014-06-04, Vårdvetarhuset, Sal A204, Umeå Universitet, 901 87, Umeå, 12:42 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-02-05 Created: 2014-08-18 Last updated: 2016-02-05Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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Language
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  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
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