Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Paediatric otitis media at a primary healthcare clinic in South Africa
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Otorhinolaryngology. Department of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, University of Pretoria, South Africa.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
2014 (English)In: SAMJ South African Medical Journal, ISSN 0256-9574, E-ISSN 2078-5135, Vol. 104, no 6, 431-435 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: No published studies on the prevalence of paediatric otitis media at primary healthcare clinics (PHCs) in South Africa (SA) are available. OBJECTIVE: To examine the point prevalence of otitis media in a paediatric population in a PHC in Johannesburg, SA, using otomicroscopy. METHODS: A sample of 140 children aged 2 - 16 years (mean 6.4; 44.1% females) were recruited from patients attending the PHC. Otomicroscopy was completed for each of the participants' ears by a specialist otologist using a surgical microscope. RESULTS: Cerumen removal was necessary in 36.0% of participants (23.5% of ears). Otitis media with effusion was the most frequent diagnosis (16.5%). Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) was diagnosed in 6.6% of children and was the most common type of otitis media in participants aged 6 - 15 years. Acute otitis media was only diagnosed in the younger 2 - 5-year age group (1.7%). Otitis media was significantly more prevalent among younger (31.4%) than older children (16.7%). CONCLUSION: CSOM prevalence, as classified by the World Health Organization, was high. Consequently diagnosis, treatment and subsequent referral protocols may need to be reviewed to prevent CSOM complications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 104, no 6, 431-435 p.
National Category
Pediatrics Otorhinolaryngology
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-91863DOI: 10.7196/SAMJ.7534ISI: 000339090300019OAI: diva2:738966
Available from: 2014-08-19 Created: 2014-08-18 Last updated: 2014-08-19Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(154 kB)187 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 154 kBChecksum SHA-512
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Laurent, ClaudeLundberg, Thorbjörn
By organisation
OtorhinolaryngologyFamily Medicine
In the same journal
SAMJ South African Medical Journal

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 187 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 351 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link