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Estimating death differentials to measure the labeling impact of disability: a case study of past populations in Sweden
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts. (Centrum för befolkningsstudier)
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. (Centrum för befolkningsstudier)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0267-1206
2013 (English)In: XXIVI IUSSP International Population Conference: Programme, IUSSP , 2013, 150- p.Conference paper, Abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This study follows 555 disabled individuals over life to examine their survival chances in past society. The aim is to detect whether they were markedly stigmatized and thus faced difficulties in life, which we in accordance with the labeling theme of secondary deviance assume would be indicated by high levels of mortality. We make use of Sweden's 19th-century parish registers (digitized by the Demographic Data Base, Umeå University) to categorize the disability marks the ministers noted about their parishioners. Then we employ a six-fold disability categorization and run multivariate regression models. The statistical results suggest that the type of disability mattered but was not the only key to the individuals' mortality, because age, SES and gender determined the survival of disabled, too. Disability shaped women's life expectancy more evidently than the men's; women afflicted with multiple disabilities were least likely to survive. Our findings are rare in providing statistical evidence of disabled individuals' experiences beyond institutional life and because we seek to measure the level of labeling in their life. The death differentials demonstrate that the disabled constituted a heterogeneous collection of people whose demography and pathways must be further researched.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IUSSP , 2013. 150- p.
, International Union for the Scientific Study of Populations (IUSSP), 27
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology History
Research subject
History; Epidemiology
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-92049OAI: diva2:739345
XXIVI IUSSP International Population Conference, Busan, South Korea, August 26-31, 2013
Available from: 2014-08-20 Created: 2014-08-20 Last updated: 2016-03-03Bibliographically approved

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Vikström, LottaHaage, Helena
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Faculty of ArtsDepartment of historical, philosophical and religious studies
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and EpidemiologyHistory

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