Detailed clonality analysis of relapsing precursor B acute lymphoblastic leukemia: implications for minimal residual disease detection.
2001 (English)In: Leukemia research: a Forum for Studies on Leukemia and Normal Hemopoiesis, ISSN 0145-2126, E-ISSN 1873-5835, Vol. 25, no 12, 1033-45 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Genetic instability has important implications for detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) when the target is a clonal genetic marker revealed at diagnosis. A successful MRD detection approach requires a stable marker and for lymphoid leukemias clonal rearrangements of immunoglobulin (Ig) and T cell receptor (TCR) genes are commonly used. In the present study, Ig heavy chain (IgH) and TCR (gamma and delta) genes were studied in 18 consecutive, relapsing precursor-B ALL patients. At least one clonal rearrangement was found in all cases at presentation (IgH 94%, TCRgamma 39% and TCRdelta 28%). An altered rearrangement pattern between diagnosis and relapse was demonstrated in 14 patients (78%). At least one stable molecular target was found in 13 out of 18 cases (72%). Clonal differences between diagnostic and relapse samples were explained by: (1) loss of original rearrangements; (2) V(H) to DJ(H) joining; (3) V(H) gene replacement; (4) appearance of new rearrangements. In two cases with apparently new IgH gene rearrangements at relapse extended sequencing of the diagnostic samples revealed minor clonal rearrangements identical to the relapse clones. Interestingly, one patient displayed instability on both the IgH and TCR gene loci, whereas a stable Igkappa rearrangement was found at presentation and relapse. These data show that clonal diversity is common in precursor-B ALL and strongly suggest that MRD detection should include multiple gene targets to minimize false-negative samples. Even so, five of our 18 relapse cases (28%) lacked stable clonal markers and should have been unsuitable for MRD detection.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 25, no 12, 1033-45 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-92143PubMedID: 11684274OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-92143DiVA: diva2:739775