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Effects of repeated testing on short- and long-term memory performance across different test formats
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2016 (English)In: Educational Psychology, ISSN 0144-3410, E-ISSN 1469-5820, Vol. 36, no 10, 1710-1727 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examined whether practice testing with short-answer (SA) items benefits learning over time compared to practice testing with multiple-choice (MC) items, and rereading the material. More specifically, the aim was to test the hypotheses of retrieval effort and transfer appropriate processing by comparing retention tests with respect to practice testing format. To adequately compare SA and MC items, the MC items were corrected for random guessing. With a within-group design, 54 students (mean age = 16 years) first read a short text, and took four practice tests containing all three formats (SA, MC and statements to read) with feedback provided after each part. The results showed that both MC and SA formats improved short- and long-term memory compared to rereading. More importantly, practice testing with SA items is more beneficial for learning and long-term retention, providing support for retrieval effort hypothesis. Using corrections for guessing and educational implications are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 36, no 10, 1710-1727 p.
Keyword [en]
memory, learning, testing effect, item format
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-93317DOI: 10.1080/01443410.2014.953037ISI: 000388504600002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-93317DiVA: diva2:747427
Note

Published online: 02 Sep 2014

Available from: 2014-09-16 Created: 2014-09-16 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Stenlund, TovaSundström, AnnaJonsson, Bert
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CiteExportLink to record
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  • de-DE
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  • Other locale
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