Dietary intake assessment in women with different weight and pregnancy status using a short questionnaire
2014 (English)In: Public Health Nutrition, ISSN 1368-9800, E-ISSN 1475-2727, Vol. 17, no 9, 1939-1948 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: First, to evaluate the ability of a short dietary questionnaire (SDQ) to estimate energy intake (EI) on group and individual levels compared with total energy expenditure (TEE) measured by the doubly labelled water method. Second, to compare the SDQ's performance in estimating energy, nutrient and food intakes with a sixty-six-item FFQ used in large-scale Swedish epidemiological research. Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: Umea, Sweden. Subjects: In total, sixty-five non-pregnant women, of whom thirty-one were overweight or obese, and twenty-five pregnant, normal-weight women completed the protocol. Results: On average, the SDQ captured 78% and 79% of absolute TEE in the non-pregnant and pregnant normal-weight women, respectively. Furthermore, the SDQ captured an average of 57% of TEE in the overweight/obese nonpregnant women. The Spearman correlation of EI and TEE was significant in the overweight and obese women only (rho=0.37, 95% CI 0.02, 0.64). There was no significant difference between the SDQ and the more extensive FFQ in the ability to assess EI when compared with TEE. Intakes of most nutrients and foods were significantly higher when assessed with the SDQ compared with the FFQ. Conclusions: A new short dietary questionnaire with an alternative design underestimated EI of non-pregnant and pregnant, overweight and obese women on a group level but was able to rank the overweight/obese women according to EI. Furthermore, the short questionnaire captured as much or more of the energy, nutrient and food intakes of non-pregnant normal-weight and overweight/obese women on the group level as a traditional, more extensive FFQ.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2014. Vol. 17, no 9, 1939-1948 p.
Body weight, Dietary intake, Doubly labelled water, FFQ, Non-pregnant and pregnant women, Validity
Nutrition and Dietetics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-92904DOI: 10.1017/S1368980013003042ISI: 000340166800005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-92904DiVA: diva2:748193