Surrogate measures of insulin sensitivity vs the hyperinsulinaemic-euglycaemic clamp: a meta-analysis
2014 (English)In: Diabetologia, ISSN 0012-186X, E-ISSN 1432-0428, Vol. 57, no 9, 1781-1788 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aims/hypothesis We aimed to identify which surrogate index of insulin sensitivity has the strongest correlation with the reference measurement, the hyperinsulinaemic-euglycaemic clamp (HEC), to determine which surrogate measure should be recommended for use in large-scale studies. Methods A literature search (1979-2012) was conducted to retrieve all articles reporting bivariate correlations between the HEC and surrogate measures of insulin sensitivity (in fasting samples or during the OGTT). We performed a random effects meta-analysis for each surrogate measure to integrate the correlation coefficients of the different studies. Results The OGTT-based surrogate measures with the strongest pooled correlations (r) to the HEC were the Stumvoll metabolic clearance rate (Stumvoll MCR; r=0.70 [95% CI 0.61, 0.77], n=5), oral glucose insulin sensitivity (OGIS; r=0.70 [0.57, 0.80], n=6), the Matsuda index (r=0.67 [0.61, 0.73], n=19), the Stumvoll insulin sensitivity index (Stumvoll ISI; r=0.67 [0.60, 0.72], n=8) and the Gutt index (r=0.65 [0.60, 0.69], n=6). The fasting surrogate indices that correlated most strongly with the HEC and had narrow 95% CIs were the revised QUICKI (r=0.68 [0.58, 0.77], n=7), the QUICKI (r=0.61 [0.55, 0.65], n=35), the log HOMA-IR (r=-0.60 [-0.66, -0.53], n=22) and the computer generated HOMA of insulin sensitivity (HOMA-%S; r=0.57 [0.46, 0.67], n=5). Conclusions/interpretation The revised QUICKI fasting surrogate measure appears to be as good as the OGTT-based Stumvoll MCR, OGIS, Matsuda, Stumvoll ISI and Gutt indices for estimating insulin sensitivity. It can therefore be recommended as the most appropriate index for use in large-scale clinical studies.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2014. Vol. 57, no 9, 1781-1788 p.
Glucose, Hyperinsulinaemic-euglycaemic clamp, Insulin, Insulin sensitivity, Meta-analysis, Surrogate markers
Endocrinology and Diabetes
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-92899DOI: 10.1007/s00125-014-3285-xISI: 000340050800006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-92899DiVA: diva2:748205