A global look at time: a 24-country study of the equivalence of the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory
2014 (English)In: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, no 4, 1-12 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this article, we assess the structural equivalence of the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI) across 26 samples from 24 countries (N = 12,200). The ZTPI is proven to be a valid and reliable index of individual differences in time perspective across five temporal categories: Past Negative, Past Positive, Present Fatalistic, Present Hedonistic, and Future. We obtained evidence for invariance of 36 items (out of 56) and also the five-factor structure of ZTPI across 23 countries. The short ZTPI scales are reliable for country-level analysis, whereas we recommend the use of the full scales for individual-level analysis. The short version of ZTPI will further promote integration of research in the time perspective domain in relation to many different psycho-social processes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. no 4, 1-12 p.
Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory, ZTPI, time perspective, equivalence, cross-cultural research
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-93812DOI: 10.1177/2158244013515686OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-93812DiVA: diva2:751473