Vascular endothelial growth factor content in metastasizing and nonmetastasizing Dunning prostatic adenocarcinoma.
2000 (English)In: The Prostate, ISSN 0270-4137, E-ISSN 1097-0045, Vol. 45, no 1, 42-50 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: Tumor angiogenesis is important in progressive tumor growth and metastasis. In the normal rat prostate and in androgen-sensitive prostate tumors androgen ablation causes an involution of the vasculature and a decrease in the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels before regression of the prostate gland. To examine whether angiogenesis and metastasis are regulated by VEGF in androgen-insensitive and metastasizing prostate tumors, five Dunning rat prostate cancer sublines were tested; the androgen-sensitive, nonmetastasizing R3327 PAP, and the androgen-insensitive, low metastasizing AT-1, and the three androgen-insensitive, metastasizing AT-2, AT-3, and MatLyLu Dunning prostatic adenocarcinomas.
METHODS: VEGF levels were quantified in the rat dorsolateral prostate and in the five Dunning sublines using competitive RT-PCR, Western blot, and Elisa. Vascular density was determined by factor VIII staining.
RESULTS: VEGF mRNA was increased in all tumors compared with normal prostates. The two metastatic sublines AT-3 and MatLyLu and the nonmetastatic subline AT-1 showed the highest VEGF mRNA expression. VEGF protein levels in the prostate gland showed increased expression in the metastatic sublines, AT-2, AT-3, and MatLyLu, compared with the nonmetastatic AT-1 subline and the ventral prostate. VEGF proteins in serum were highest in the metastatic AT-3 subline. The vessel density was highest in the two highly metastatic sublines AT-3 and MatLyLu.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that VEGF levels are associated with microvessel density and the previously established metastatic pattern of these rat prostate tumor systems.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 45, no 1, 42-50 p.
Cancer and Oncology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-94368PubMedID: 10960841OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-94368DiVA: diva2:753528