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Unemployment, employment commitment and well-being: the psychosocial meaning of (un)employment among women and men
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
1999 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå Universitet , 1999. , 42 p.
Series
Akademiska avhandlingar vid Sociologiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, ISSN 1104-2508 ; 10
Keyword [en]
Arbetslöshet-- psykologiska aspekter, Arbetsmotivation
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-94097ISBN: 91-7191-594-X (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-94097DiVA: diva2:756144
Public defence
1999-05-28, Humanisthuset, Hörsal F, Umeå Universitet, Umeå, 09:15
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Note

Diss. Umeå : Umeå universitet, 1999

Available from: 2014-10-16 Created: 2014-10-03 Last updated: 2015-04-10Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Employment Commitment and Psychological Well-being among Unemployed Men and Women
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Employment Commitment and Psychological Well-being among Unemployed Men and Women
1999 (English)In: Acta Sociologica, ISSN 0001-6993, E-ISSN 1502-3869, Vol. 42, no 2, 135-146 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper studies employment commitment and psychological well-being among a random sample of 3,500 unemployed men and women in Sweden. The study observes which factors govern levels of employment commitment and if there are any significant differences between unemployed men and women in this respect. The article also discusses the importance of commitment to employment when analysing psychological well-being among the unemployed. As regards employment commitment among both men and women, the results emphasize the psychosocial value of the former job, the activity level while unemployed and age. However, the results also indicate that age and family situation affect unemployed women's and men's levels of commitment to paid employment in different ways. Further, both unemployed men and women who are strongly motivated to find employment for non-financial reasons have significantly higher risks of poor mental well-being than those with lower commitments to employment. Finally, The results speak against the hypothesis that the high unemployment rates among certain categories of people are mainly a result of low motivation to be employed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nordic Sociological Association, 1999
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-94759 (URN)10.1177/000169939904200203 (DOI)
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Available from: 2014-10-16 Created: 2014-10-16 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
2. Non-financial Employment Motivation and Well-being in Different Labour Market Situations: A Longitudinal Study
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Non-financial Employment Motivation and Well-being in Different Labour Market Situations: A Longitudinal Study
1999 (English)In: Work, Employment and Society, ISSN 0950-0170, E-ISSN 1469-8722, Vol. 13, no 4, 601-620 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article examines non-financial employment motivation and mental well-being among people in different labour market situations, such as unemployment, stimulating employment or instrumental employment, and controls for the possibility that variations in motivation and well-being are either caused by present labour market status or are the result of a selection process. The article is based on a panel study of 1,782 Swedes who were interviewed at the beginning of 1996, when all were unemployed, and then again at the end of 1997, when the labour market situation had changed for some of them. The results show that, in 1997, the unemployed had the same level of employment commitment as individuals with instrumental jobs, but as compared to people with stimulating jobs, their non-financial employment motivation was weaker. In general, the unemployed report poorer mental well-being than the employed. Results support the hypothesis that the substantial changes in employment commitment and mental health observed between 1996 and 1997 are primarily due to the labour market situation in 1997. The results refute the notion that the level of employment motivation is a major determinant of the likelihood of getting a paid job.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 1999
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-94760 (URN)10.1177/09500179922118141 (DOI)
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Available from: 2014-10-16 Created: 2014-10-16 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
3. The Concentration of Unemployment Families and Social Networks: A Question of Attitudes or Structural Factors?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Concentration of Unemployment Families and Social Networks: A Question of Attitudes or Structural Factors?
1999 (English)In: European Sociological Review, ISSN 0266-7215, E-ISSN 1468-2672, Vol. 15, no 1, 49-59 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article studies the concentration of unemployment within families and social networks in Sweden. The study, which is based on two random samples, one consisting of some 47,000 young people and their parents and one consisting of 3,500 unemployed people, raises the question of whether unemployment concentration is mainly caused by negative values towards employment or by structural factors. The results show that it is common for people who are unemployed and have experienced longer periods of unemployment to have unemployed family members and friends. The causes of the unemployment concentration can be traced to structural factors such as class, ethnicity, age, unemployment rate and population in the district, rather than to the attitudes of the members of the unemployed group.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 1999
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-94761 (URN)
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Available from: 2014-10-16 Created: 2014-10-16 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
4. Unemployment and Family Life: The Relationship between Employment Status, Household Division of Labour and Well-being
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Unemployment and Family Life: The Relationship between Employment Status, Household Division of Labour and Well-being
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-94758 (URN)
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Note

1997 Accepted for publication in a reviewed book by Harvey, C. (ed.) Walking a tightrope: Work and family challenges.

Available from: 2014-10-16 Created: 2014-10-16 Last updated: 2015-04-10Bibliographically approved
5. Towards a Sociological Understanding of Mental Well-being among the Unemployed: The role of Economic and Psychosocial Factors
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards a Sociological Understanding of Mental Well-being among the Unemployed: The role of Economic and Psychosocial Factors
1999 (English)In: Sociology, ISSN 0038-0385, E-ISSN 1469-8684, Vol. 33, no 3, 577-597 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Classic research on unemployment and mental health has focused on the functions of employment. These functions are considered to be of equal importance for all unemployed. A critique of this perspective has been that it views the unemployed as passive and homogeneous. Instead, an agency approach has been suggested, which focuses on the individual goals of the unemployed. This paper develops and tests a model for understanding the differentiated mental consequences of unemployment, which on a theoretical level integrates both the structural restrictions of the unemployment situation and the agency of the individual. The model is based on previous findings which indicate that mental well-being is dependent on the economic need for employment, on the one hand, and on the psychosocial need for employment, on the other hand. The model integrates both these aspects and the results show that the combined effect is of central importance for the differentiated mental well-being of the unemployed. The analysis is based on a longitudinal survey of 3,500 randomly selected, unemployed Swedes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 1999
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-94762 (URN)10.1177/S003803859900036X (DOI)
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Available from: 2014-10-16 Created: 2014-10-16 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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  • de-DE
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