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Low back pain among mineworkers in relation to driving, cold environment and ergonomics
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
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2014 (English)In: Ergonomics, ISSN 0014-0139, E-ISSN 1366-5847, Vol. 57, no 10, 1541-1548 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: We aimed to study the association between low back pain (LBP) and exposure to low temperature, wet clothes, heavy lifting and jobs that involve whole body vibration (WBV) in a population of miners. Methods: Health and personal data were collected in a population study by a questionnaire. A total of 3530 workers from four mines participated in the study. Results: 51% of the workers reported LBP within the last 12 months. The adjusted odds ratio for LBP was above unity for working with wet clothes (1.82), working in cold conditions (1.52), lifting heavy (1.54), having worked as a driver previously (1.79) and driving Toro400 (2.61) or train (1.69). Conclusion: Wet clothing, cold working conditions, heavy lifting, previous work as a driver and driving certain vehicles were associated with LBP, but vehicles with WBV levels above action value were not. For better prevention of LBP, improved cabin conditions and clothing should be emphasised. Practitioner Summary: To address risk factors for low back pain (LBP) in miners, a population study measured exposures and LBP. Cold work conditions, wet clothes and awkward postures appeared to be more strongly associated with LBP than exposure to whole body vibration from driving heavy vehicles. Prevention strategies must focus more on clothing and ergonomics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2014. Vol. 57, no 10, 1541-1548 p.
Keyword [en]
vehicle ergonomics, whole body vibration, back pain, thermal comfort, injury/illness epidemiology
National Category
Environmental Health and Occupational Health Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-95299DOI: 10.1080/00140139.2014.904005ISI: 000342284700008OAI: diva2:758345
Available from: 2014-10-27 Created: 2014-10-27 Last updated: 2014-10-27Bibliographically approved

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Nilsson, Tohr
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