Electronically sensors system to warn drivers if a reindeer is close to the road or the railway
2014 (English)In: Nordic Association of Agricultural Scientists: NJF Report, 2014, Vol. 10, 30-30 p.Conference paper, Poster (Refereed)
In Norway, Sweden and Finland approximately 9.000 reindeer are killed every year in traffic accidents (road and railway). In field experiments two different electronically sensor system were used. The purpose is to warn car drivers and railway engineers that reindeer are close to, or on the traffic system, and reduce the numbers of accident. The information system developed by Telespor is based on GPS/GSM radio collars. These collars use SMS to inform that the reindeer are close to the traffic system. In addition to the warning, the reindeer owners get information about the reindeer land use throughout the whole year. The collars are expensive (approx. 250 euros/unit) and need battery change every year. At Umeå University a system based on wireless sensor nodes attached to the reindeer collars is developed. This node will send out a periodic warning radio beacon. On road sticks a warning device will be attached containing a radio receiver and LED flashlights that will warn if a radio beacon is received. To further increase the warning distance it is possible to use communication between the roadside warning devices and let several devices flash their LED lights when a reindeer is detected. The radio collar (approx. 15 euros/unit) will have a theoretical battery life of more than 10 years. The radio range is around 500 meters between the radio collar and the roadside warning device, which is more than sufficient.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 10, 30-30 p.
Research subject Electronics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-95320OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-95320DiVA: diva2:758458
NJF Seminar 479. Reindeer herding and land use management - Nordic perspectives. 20 - 21 October 2014, Arctic Centre, University of Lapland. Rovaniemi, Finland
ProjectsBotnia-Atlantica Animal Sensor Networks