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Kommunikaatioverbeistä ruotsinkielisten suomenoppijoiden teksteissä
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
2014 (Finnish)In: Lähivôrdlusi. Lähivertailuja, ISSN 1736-9290, E-ISSN 2228-3854, no 24, 125-150 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [fi]

Ruotsinkielisten alkeistason suomenoppijoiden kirjoittamissa teksteissä esiintyy paljon semanttisesti erityyppisiä verbejä. Artikkelissa ovat tutkimuskohteena sanallista kommunikaatiota ilmaisevat puhumis-, sanomis- ja kysymysverbit. Tutkimuksessa selvitetään kommunikaatioverbien puhua, huutaa, jutella, sanoa, kertoa, kysyä ja vastata käyttöä ja sitä, millaisissa lauseissa verbit esiintyvät. Keskiössä ovat kuitenkin verbien saamat täydennykset. Suomenoppijat käyttävät verbien yhteydessä yhtäältä objektina olevia lausetäydennyksiä, alisteisia kysymyslauseita ja että-sivulauseita, toisaalta sijamuotoisia adverbiaalitäydennyksiä. Allatiiviset ja ablatiiviset adverbiaalitäydennykset ilmaisevat kommunikaatioverbin viestin vastaanottajan, joka on elollinen ja inhimillinen. Kommunikaatioverbin sisältämissä lauseissa esitetään toisinaan myös viestin aihe, jolloin täydennyksen sijamuotona on elatiivi. Sijamuotoisen täydennyksen kohdalla on tarkasteltu, onko se kohdekielenmukainen vai -vastainen. Tutkimus sisältää myös katsauksen kommunikaatioverbien tempuksiin, moduksiin ja pääluokkiin. Lisäksi tarkastellaan verbien A- ja MA-infinitiivimuotoja lauseen pääverbin yhteydessä.

Abstract [en]

Verbs of verbal communication in texts written by Swedish-speaking learners of Finnish In texts written by Swedish-speaking learners of Finnish at the beginners’ level the students use a lot of semantically different kind of verbs. The goal of this investigation is to research verbs that express verbal communication. The verbs of verbal communication can be classified in three groups, the speak verbs, the say verbs and the question verbs. All these verbs can also be called as speech act verbs. $e investigation is concentrated to !nd out which verbs of verbal communication the texts contain and in what sentence types they are to be found. However, the main focus of the investigation lays on the research of the arguments that the verbs can have. The investigation also contains a shorter survey of the forms of the verbs. In the learners texts seven verbs of verbal communication has been found: puhua ‘to speak’, huutaa ‘to shout’, jutella ‘to chat’, sanoa ‘to say’, kertoa ‘to tell’, kysyä ‘to ask’ and vastata ‘to answer’. These verbs occur in total 413 times in the material. The most frequent verbs are the neutral verb sanoa, puhua and kertoa. The verbs sanoa and puhua are very common and frequent in standard Finnish and also in productions written by learners of Finnish with different mother tongues. The verbs of verbal communication appear in dfferent kinds of sentences such as argumentative sentence and in sentences before and after a direct speech. The verbs of verbal communication can occur with sentence arguments and with adverbial arguments inflected in cases. The verbs sanoa, kertoa, kysyä and vastata have interrogative sentences and especially että-subordinate clauses as sentence arguments. With the verb kysyä the learners also use jos-subordinate clauses instead of interrogative sentences. This is a sign of transfer from their mother tongue Swedish. The adverbial arguments in the corpus are inflected in nominative, partitive, illative, elative, allative and ablative. The most frequent cases are elative, allative and ablative. All the arguments inflected in nominative are not correct. The forms of the verbs of verbal communication vary but a typical verb form is a verb in active voice present tense conjugated in third person singular. The mood of the verbs is most often the indicative but there are also some occurrences of conditional forms. The most common tenses of the verbs are the present and the past tense. Of the tenses perfect and pluperfect there are only a few occurrences. The learners also use the verbs in A- and MA-infinitive forms and the MA-infinitives are in the illative case and the predicates in the sentences are motion verbs. The results of this investigation show that the Swedish-speaking learners at the beginners’ level master the use of verbs of verbal communication well. They also do right case choices needed in the adverbial arguments and even most of the sentence arguments have been handled in a correct way. The language and the forms in the texts don’t vary very much in the beginning of the studies but the students are able to express various communication situations with common and frequent verbs of verbal communication.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tallinn: Tallinn universitet , 2014. no 24, 125-150 p.
Keyword [en]
verb of communication, verb argument, sentence type, case, tense, mood, infinitive form, L2, Swedish
Keyword [fi]
kommunikaatioverbi, verbin täydennys, lausetyyppi, sijamuoto, tempus, modus, infinitiivimuoto, S2, ruotsi
National Category
Humanities
Research subject
Finno-Ugric Languages
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-95472DOI: 10.5128/LV24.05OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-95472DiVA: diva2:759417
Available from: 2014-10-29 Created: 2014-10-29 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Määttä, Tuija

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