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‘Must’, ‘Ought’ and the Structure of Standards
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
2014 (English)In: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ISSN 0302-9743, E-ISSN 1611-3349, no 8554, 33-48 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper concerns the semantic difference between strong and weak necessity modals. First we identify a number of explananda: their well-known intuitive difference in strength between ‘must’ and ‘ought’ as well as differences in connections to probabilistic considerations and acts of requir- ing and recommending. Here we argue that important extant analyses of the semantic differences, though tailored to account for some of these aspects, fail to account for all. We proceed to suggest that the difference between ’ought’ and ’must’ lies in how they relate to scalar and binary standards. Briefly put, must(φ) says that among the relevant alternatives, φ is selected by the relevant binary standard, whereas ought(φ) says that among the relevant alternatives, φ is selected by the relevant scale. Given independently plausible assumptions about how standards are provided by context, this explains the relevant differ- ences discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2014. no 8554, 33-48 p.
Keyword [en]
necessity modals, ought, must, Kratzer, von Fintel, Iatridou
National Category
Philosophy
Research subject
Theoretical Philosophy; Practical Philosophy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-95688DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-08615-6_4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-95688DiVA: diva2:760436
Conference
Deontic Logic and Normative Systems, 12th International Conference, DEON 2014, Ghent, Belgium, July 12-15, 2014.
Projects
Oenighet, objektivitet och okänsliga bedömningar
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2014-11-03 Created: 2014-11-03 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Björnsson, Gunnar

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • Other style
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
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Output format
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