Screening and simple counselling affect traditional cardiovascular risk factors in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis
2014 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology, ISSN 0300-9742, E-ISSN 1502-7732, Vol. 43, no Suppl. 127 Meeting Abstract PP234, 76-76 p.Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
Background: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and increased mortality in CVD. The cause of this increase has not been completely established, but chronic inflammation is thought to play a role. Traditional cardiovascular risk factors also appear to be important and may be potentiated by this inflammation. The Swedish Society for Rheumatology (SRF) has developed a set of guidelines for screening and primary prevention of CVD in patients with RA. The aim of this study was to evaluate these guidelines in a clinical setting.
Method: Forty-seven patients newly diagnosed with RA during 2012 at the Department of Rheumatology, University Hospital of Umeå were recruited. Three months after initial diagnosis of RA, patients were examined physically and blood samples were collected with regard to traditional cardiovascular risk factors according to the guidelines from the SRF. Tests of cardiorespiratory fitness were also performed. Additionally, patients received simple counselling regarding matters of diet, tobacco use and exercise from a nurse and a physiotherapist, respectively. The counselling session, based upon national guidelines from the National Food Agency and the Public Health Agency, was performed once per patient and lasted for approximately 45 minutes. A follow-up was performed 9 months after the first examination. This intervention was integrated into the clinic’s pre-existing early RA follow-up programme. The results were adjusted for disease activity and disability.
Results: Among the 47 included patients, 45 reached the 9-month follow-up. Two were excluded because of delayed follow-up. Mean diastolic blood pressure decreased significantly from 80 to 77 mmHg (p < 0.05). Mean S-cholesterol decreased significantly from 5.5 to 5.2 mmol/L (p < 0.05). Mean ApoA1/ApoB decreased significantly from 0.73 to 0.65 (p < 0.05). In all the remaining variables (waist circumference, BMI, systolic blood pressure, LDL, HDL, triglycerides, FP-glucose), a clear decreasing trend could be observed (p > 0.05). Aerobic capacity according to Åstrand remained unchanged (p > 0.05).
Conclusions: Several traditional risk factors for CVD were improved at the 9-month follow-up. This suggests that this model of screening according to the SRF guidelines and simple counselling according to national guidelines might be useful in primary prevention of CVD in patients with RA.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare, 2014. Vol. 43, no Suppl. 127 Meeting Abstract PP234, 76-76 p.
Rheumatology and Autoimmunity
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-94924DOI: 10.3109/03009742.2014.946235ISI: 000341757300114OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-94924DiVA: diva2:761996
The 35th Scandinavian Congress of Rheumatology, Stockholm, Sweden, September 20th-23rd, 2014