LiDAR-bildanalys av flutings i södra Norrbotten: Kartering och datering av avvikande isrörelseriktningar
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
The aim of this study was to map and date glacial flutings with ice flows deviating from the predominating northwesterly ice flow direction in the southern part of Norrbotten County in northern Sweden, and also to investigate if parts of the glacial landscape are older than previously thought. The traditional view is that most landforms in the area were formed during the late Weichselian (W3). Analysis of the new high resolution elevation model (2 m grid) derived from laser scanning was performed after treating the data with a hillshade tool in ArcMap to reveal terrain features such as flutings. The analysis resulted in a map showing four main groups of deviating ice flows (N-S, NO-SV, SO-NV and S-N) and several westerly ice flows. The majority of flutings with deviating ice flows were found in low terrain. This, together with studies suggesting a cold based late Weichselian ice sheet in Norrbotten, implies an old age of the deviating ice flows. The deviating ice flows are interpreted to originate from the first early Weichselian (W1), or predate the onset of the Weichselian glaciation. Some NV-SO flutings were located in high terrain, which implies a younger age relative to the low terrain flutings. They represent the youngest ice flow found in the area, possibly from the second early Weichselian (W2). The new elevation model clearly offers new possibilities for studying small scale landforms and shows that the traditional view of the Weichselian glaciation in northern Swedish needs to be reconsidered.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 34 p.
Glacial flutes, flutings, digital elevation model, laser scanning, geographical information system, GIS, Weichselian, ice flow, northern Sweden, geomorphology
Flutings, nationell höjdmodell, laserskanning, LiDAR, GIS, Weichsel, isrörelseriktningar, Norrbotten, geomorfologi
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-96181OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-96181DiVA: diva2:762452
Subject / course
Examensarbete i Naturgeografi för kandidatexamen
Bachelor of Science in Biology and Earthscience
Zale, Rolf, Universitetslektor
Karlsson, Jan, Professor