Monitoring the role of distinct sugars on cell division in Arabidopsis plant cells and seedlings
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Within the last decades, research on sugar-dependent plant growth provided evidence for a directregulation of cell division by sugars. Recently we showed, in A. thaliana cell suspension cultures, thatdistinct sugars differentially regulate a rapid transcriptional response of genes, some of which functionduring the cell cycle progression. In order to assess the relationship between sugar species and celldivision, we developed a new methodology for long-term real-time live-cell imaging on dividing A.thaliana cell suspension cultures. This technique, using cells grown in hormone-free media, allowed toestimate the cell cycle synchronicity and efficiency of an entire cell population and to monitor thedynamics and geometry of cell division in single cells in response to a given sugars. A marker cell lineconstitutively expressing TUA::GFP, a protein that labels microtubule-based structures hallmarkingprogression of the mitotic division, was used to measure the sugar-dependent efficiency andsynchronicity of the cell cycle progression. Altogether, we were able to confirm the distinct relationshipsof specific sugar molecules on the cell cycle progression at a single cell level. Cell division efficiencyand synchronicity were altered when grown on the different sugars sucrose, glucose and xylose.Interestingly, the progression of the mitotic division appeared unaffected by the sugar species supplied,indicating that length of the interphase is likely to control the cell division rate. In contrast, treatment ofA. thaliana cell cultures and seedlings with the Glc-analogue 2-deoxy-glucose (2dog) led to growtharrest and to cell death during long exposure. The growth resulting from 2dog removal in cell culturesand seedlings showed the unique feature of plants to induce new active zones of cell division.
Cell suspension culture, cell division, long-term real-time live cell imaging, sugar regulation of gene expression and cellular processes
Cell Biology Botany Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Research subject Physiological Botany; cellforskning
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-96579OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-96579DiVA: diva2:765457