Memory plasticity in older adults: Cognitive predictors of training response and maintenance following learning of number-consonant mnemonic
2016 (English)In: Neuropsychological rehabilitation (Print), ISSN 0960-2011, E-ISSN 1464-0694, Vol. 26, no 5-6, 742-760 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The study investigated the relationship between cognitive factors and gains in number recall following training in a number–consonant mnemonic in a sample of 112 older adults (M = 70.9 years). The cognitive factors examined included baseline episodic memory, working memory, processing speed, and verbal knowledge. In addition, predictors of maintenance of gains to a follow-up assessment, eight months later, were examined. Whereas working memory was a prominent predictor of baseline recall, the magnitude of gains in recall from pre- to post-test assessments were predicted by baseline episodic memory, processing speed, and verbal knowledge. Verbal knowledge was the only significant predictor of maintenance. Collectively, the results indicate the need to consider multiple factors to account for individual differences in memory plasticity. The potential contribution of additional factors to individual differences in memory plasticity is discussed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 26, no 5-6, 742-760 p.
Plasticity, predictors, individual differences, older adults, training, gain, maintenance
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-96718DOI: 10.1080/09602011.2015.1046459ISI: 000380246100004PubMedID: 26043066OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-96718DiVA: diva2:766559
FunderForte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Special Issue: SI
Originally included in thesis in manuscript form.2014-11-272014-11-272016-09-14Bibliographically approved