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High consumption of pulses is associated with lower risk of abnormal glucose metabolism in women in Mauritius
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Nutritional Research. The Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Australia.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Cardiology. The Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Australia.
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2015 (English)In: Diabetic Medicine, ISSN 0742-3071, E-ISSN 1464-5491, Vol. 32, no 4, 513-520 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIMS: To investigate if consumption of pulses was associated with a reduced risk of developing abnormal glucose metabolism, increases in body weight and increases in waist circumference in a multi-ethnic cohort in Mauritius.

METHODS: Population-based surveys were performed in Mauritius in 1992 and in 1998. Pulse consumption was estimated from a food frequency questionnaire in 1992 and outcomes were measured in 1998. At both time points, anthropometry was undertaken and an oral glucose tolerance test was performed.

RESULTS: Mauritian women with the highest consumption of pulses (highest tertile) had a reduced risk of developing abnormal glucose metabolism [odds ratio 0.52; 95% CI 0.27, 0.99) compared with those with the lowest consumption, and also after multivariable adjustments. In women, a high consumption of pulses was associated with a smaller increase in BMI.

CONCLUSIONS: High consumption of pulses was associated with a reduced risk of abnormal glucose metabolism and a smaller increase in BMI in Mauritian women. Promotion of pulse consumption could be an important dietary intervention for the prevention of Type 2 diabetes and obesity in Mauritius and should be examined in other populations and in clinical trials.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 32, no 4, 513-520 p.
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Nutrition and Dietetics
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URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-97463DOI: 10.1111/dme.12618ISI: 000351379100012PubMedID: 25346062OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-97463DiVA: diva2:773053
Available from: 2014-12-18 Created: 2014-12-18 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Wennberg, MariaSöderberg, Stefan

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