High consumption of pulses is associated with lower risk of abnormal glucose metabolism in women in Mauritius
2015 (English)In: Diabetic Medicine, ISSN 0742-3071, E-ISSN 1464-5491, Vol. 32, no 4, 513-520 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
AIMS: To investigate if consumption of pulses was associated with a reduced risk of developing abnormal glucose metabolism, increases in body weight and increases in waist circumference in a multi-ethnic cohort in Mauritius.
METHODS: Population-based surveys were performed in Mauritius in 1992 and in 1998. Pulse consumption was estimated from a food frequency questionnaire in 1992 and outcomes were measured in 1998. At both time points, anthropometry was undertaken and an oral glucose tolerance test was performed.
RESULTS: Mauritian women with the highest consumption of pulses (highest tertile) had a reduced risk of developing abnormal glucose metabolism [odds ratio 0.52; 95% CI 0.27, 0.99) compared with those with the lowest consumption, and also after multivariable adjustments. In women, a high consumption of pulses was associated with a smaller increase in BMI.
CONCLUSIONS: High consumption of pulses was associated with a reduced risk of abnormal glucose metabolism and a smaller increase in BMI in Mauritian women. Promotion of pulse consumption could be an important dietary intervention for the prevention of Type 2 diabetes and obesity in Mauritius and should be examined in other populations and in clinical trials.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 32, no 4, 513-520 p.
Nutrition and Dietetics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-97463DOI: 10.1111/dme.12618ISI: 000351379100012PubMedID: 25346062OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-97463DiVA: diva2:773053