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Gravida som äter vegankost upplever att de bemöts annorlunda av barnmorskan i jämförelse med gravida som äter blandkost: en enkätstudie
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Pregnant women eating a vegan diet perceive the encounter with the midwife differently compared with pregnant women eating a mixed diet : a questionnaire survey (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund Det finns studier som antyder att barnmorskors kunskaper inom näringslära skulle kunna vara otillräckliga, att barnmorskor upplever sig ha begränsade kunskaper om vegetarisk kost, och att de känner sig obekväma i att ge kostråd till gravida som äter en vegetarisk kost. Det saknas idag studier som undersöker hur gravida som äter vegankost upplever barnmorskans bemötande beträffande kost.

Syfte Att undersöka hur gravida som äter vegankost upplever barnmorskans bemötande beträffande kost, och om de upplever det annorlunda jämfört med gravida som äter blandkost.

Metod Webbenkätbaserad kvantitativ tvärsnittsstudie med bekvämlighetsurval.

Resultat Gravida som åt vegankost upplevde att barnmorskans kunskap om deras kosthållning var lägre än vad gravida som åt blandkost gjorde (p<0,001). De kände sig också mer otrygga i att prata om kost med barnmorskan (p<0,001) och upplevde att barnmorskans inställning till deras kosthållning var mer negativ än vad gravida som åt blandkost gjorde (p<0,05). Det fanns ingen skillnad mellan grupperna gällande upplevelsen av om barnmorskan tillvaratog deltagarens kunskaper och erfarenheter gällande kost (p=0,192), bemötandet överlag med barnmorskan (p=0,108) och upplevelsen av om kostval påverkade hur deltagaren blev bemött (p=0,167).

Slutsats De gravida som åt vegankost och de gravida som åt blandkost upplevde barnmorskans bemötande beträffande kost olika. En ökad kunskap om vegankost hos barnmorskor skulle eventuellt kunna göra att gravida som äter vegankost upplever barnmorskans bemötande beträffande kost som bättre.

Abstract [en]

Background There are studies suggesting that midwives’ knowledge of nutrition could be insufficient, that midwives perceive having limited knowledge of vegetarian diets, and that they felt unprepared to offer dietary advice to pregnant vegetarians. There are today no studies investigating how pregnant women eating a vegan diet perceive the encounter regarding diet with the midwife.

Aim To investigate how pregnant women eating a vegan diet perceive the encounter regarding diet with the midwife and if they perceive it differently than pregnant women eating a mixed diet.

Method A web-based quantitative cross-sectional study using a convenience sample

Results Pregnant women eating a vegan diet perceived the midwife had less knowledge of their diet than the women eating a mixed diet did (p<0,001). They also felt less secure talking about their diet with the midwife (p<0,001) and perceived the attitude toward their diet as more negative than the pregnant women eating a mixed diet did (p=0,011). There was no difference between the groups in how they perceived the midwife utilized their own knowledge and experiences regarding diet (p=0,192), the general satisfaction with the encounter with the midwife (p=0,108) and if they perceived their chosen diet influenced how the midwife received them (p=0,167).

Conclusion The pregnant women eating a vegan diet and the pregnant women eating a mixed diet perceived the encounter regarding diet with the midwife differently. An increased knowledge about vegan diet among midwives might help pregnant women eating a vegan diet perceive the encounter regarding diet as more satisfying.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
Keyword [sv]
vegan, veganer, vegankost, vegansk, gravid, gravida, barnmorskan, bemötande, bemöts, kostval, mödravård, kost
National Category
Food Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-97520OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-97520DiVA: diva2:773631
Subject / course
Examensarbete inom dietistprogrammet
Educational program
Degree of Bachelor in Dietetics
Available from: 2015-01-16 Created: 2014-12-19 Last updated: 2015-01-16Bibliographically approved

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