Suicidal Behaviour Among Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Youth: A Literature Review
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Introduction: Beginning in the late 1980s studies have consistently shown that youth with non-heterosexual orientations exhibit elevated levels of suicidal behaviours relative to their heterosexual peers. Early studies in this area provided limited evidence as conclusions were based on small, non-representative convenience samples. A handful of recent studies have addressed these limitations by investigating the association using large-scale, representative samples of gay, lesbian and bisexual youth.
Aim: A review of these recently published articles was conducted with the aim of understanding with greater clarity if this particular population is at an enhanced risk for engaging in suicidal behaviours.
Methods: Twenty-one original research articles, focusing on suicidality amongst gay, lesbian, and bisexual youth, were reviewed. The articles were published between 1999 and 2013.
Results: Recent publications yield firm evidence for an association between same-sex sexual orientations among youth and heightened levels of suicidal behaviour. Risk factors precipitating elevated suicidality among this group are primarily derived from psychosocial stressors relating to the stigmatized nature of their sexual orientation.
Conclusion: There is sufficient evidence at present to argue policies and interventions are warranted to lower this group’s excess risk via public health interventions, such as establishing anti-sexual orientation discrimination policies in school settings and offering counselling programs to this vulnerable group.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 32 p.
, Centre for public Health Report Series, ISSN 1651-341X ; 2013:29
gay youth, suicidal behaviour
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-97624OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-97624DiVA: diva2:774560
Master's Programme in Public Health