The Process of Care-seeking for Myocardial Infarction Among Patients With Diabetes
2015 (English)In: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 0889-4655, E-ISSN 1550-5049, Vol. 30, no 5, E1-E8 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: People with diabetes have a higher risk for myocardial infarction (MI) than do people without diabetes. It is extremely important that patients with MI seek medical care as soon as possible after symptom onset because the shorter the time from symptom onset to treatment, the better the prognosis.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore how people with diabetes experience the onset of MI and how they decide to seek care.
METHODS: We interviewed 15 patients with diabetes, 7 men and 8 women, seeking care for MI. They were interviewed 1 to 5 days after their admission to hospital. Five of the participants had had a previous MI; 5 were being treated with insulin; 5, with a combination of insulin and oral antidiabetic agents; and 5, with oral agents only. Data were analyzed according to grounded theory.
RESULTS: The core category that emerged, "becoming ready to act," incorporated the related categories of perceiving symptoms, becoming aware of illness, feeling endangered, and acting on illness experience. Our results suggest that responses in each of the categories affect the care-seeking process and could be barriers or facilitators in timely care-seeking. Many participants did not see themselves as susceptible to MI and MI was not expressed as a complication of diabetes.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with diabetes engaged in a complex care-seeking process, including several delaying barriers, when they experienced symptoms of an MI. Education for patients with diabetes should include discussions about their increased risk of MI, the range of individual variation in symptoms and onset of MI, and the best course of action when possible symptoms of MI occur.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wolters Kluwer, 2015. Vol. 30, no 5, E1-E8 p.
decision making, diabetes mellitus, experiences, grounded theory, myocardial infarction
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-98138DOI: 10.1097/JCN.0000000000000195ISI: 000360497200001PubMedID: 25325370OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-98138DiVA: diva2:782747