Self-Employment as a Strategy for Dealing with the Competing Demands of Work and Family? The Importance of Family/Lifestyle Motives
2015 (English)In: Gender, Work and Organization, ISSN 0968-6673, E-ISSN 1468-0432, Vol. 22, no 3, 256-272 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this paper, we test the argument that self-employment may be a strategy for dealing with competing demands of work and family. We do this by comparing work–family conflict experienced by self-employed and employed men and women. By examining to what extent the selfemployed versus regularly employed value time for themselves and their family — i.e., whether they are driven by family/lifestyle motives in their working life — we examine whether selfemployment can help reduce work–family conflict among those guided by family/lifestyle motives. Using data from a 2011 Swedish survey of 2483 self-employed and 2642 regularly employed, the analyses indicate that experiences of work–family conflict differ between selfemployed and employees. Self-employed men and women, especially those with employees, generally experience more work–family conflict than do employees. However, self-employment can sometimes be a strategy for dealing with competing demands of work and family life. The presence of family/lifestyle motives generally decreases the probability of experiencing work–family conflict, particularly among self-employed women with employees.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 22, no 3, 256-272 p.
work–family conflict, self-employed, family/lifestyle motive, gender, employment
Research subject Sociology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-98831DOI: 10.1111/gwao.12076ISI: 000353972500005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-98831DiVA: diva2:783847