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Direct Synthesis of 1-Butanol from Ethanol in a Plug Flow Reactor: Reactor and Reaction Kinetics Modeling
Process Chemistry Centre, Åbo Akademi University, 20500, Turku, Finland.
Process Chemistry Centre, Åbo Akademi University, 20500, Turku, Finland.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry. (Technical Chemistry)
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry. Process Chemistry Centre, Åbo Akademi University, 20500, Turku, Finland.
2014 (English)In: Topics in catalysis, ISSN 1022-5528, E-ISSN 1572-9028, Vol. 57, no 17-20, 1425-1429 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Bio-ethanol is well known for its use as a gasoline additive. However, it can be blended in low portions to traditional gasoline although it has a corrosive nature. By taking advantage of modern continuous reactor technology and heterogeneous alumina catalysts, ethanol can be upgraded to 1-butanol in fixed beds. Butanol has more feasible properties as fuel component in comparison to ethanol. Mathematical modeling of reaction kinetics revealed a simple kinetic model could be used to describe the complex reaction process on a Cu/alumina catalyst. The reaction kinetics model is based on five parallel reactions in which ethanol reacts to 1-butanol, acetealdehyde, ethyl acetate, diethyl ether and diethoxyethane, respectively.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 57, no 17-20, 1425-1429 p.
Keyword [en]
Bio-ethanol, Bi-butanol, Heterogeneous catalyst, Reaction kinetics, Fixed bed
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-96944DOI: 10.1007/s11244-014-0314-4ISI: 000344158300018OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-96944DiVA: diva2:784718
Available from: 2015-01-30 Created: 2014-12-05 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Mikkola, Jyri-PekkaWärnå, Johan
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