Gender differences and the Defense Mechanism Test: A comparative study of adolescents in psychiatric care and healthy controls
1998 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 39, no 2, 93-99 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The aim of this paper was to study gender differences in the percept-genetic method Defense Mechanism Test (DMT) among a group of 60 adolescent subjects. Three subgroups were used: patients with psychotic disorders (Axis 1); borderline personality disorder (Axis 2) according to the DSM-IV classification system, and a non-patient group. The test protocols were scored with respect to 124 DMT variables and analyzed by means of the multivariate projection method Partial Least Squares (PLS) in latent structures. The overall results showed considerable gender differences in the whole group as well as in the subgroups. The most striking finding was that girls compared to boys were characterized by the perceptual defense identification with the opposite sex, which means that they perceived male gestalts instead of females in the stimulus picture. When both gender and diagnostic group membership were considered simultaneously, the influence of diagnostic group membership seemed to be stronger than gender even if there was an interaction between diagnoses and gender. It was concluded that gender must be considered when the DMT is used on adolescent populations.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 1998. Vol. 39, no 2, 93-99 p.
Adolescents, Defense Mechanism Test, multivariate analysis, projective techniques, gender differences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-99199DOI: 10.1111/1467-9450.00061OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-99199DiVA: diva2:786051